Titles of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen
Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman
Allah’s way with His beloveds since ever is that He gives them special titles according to their distinguishing attributes. Just so the world gets to know their grandeur and the level of belovedness. As in the Holy Quran, Allah addresses His beloved Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) with beautiful titles. Such as Yaseen and Taha and only Allah and His Prophet know their meaning. Allah has also given Prophet the title of Al-Muzzammil (Thou enwrapped) and Al-Muddathir (thou who art covered).
Titles of Sarwari Qadri Saints
In the Sarwari Qadri order, the Mohammadan Assembly grants title to every Sarwari Qadri spiritual guide. The basis of title is any of his special attributes which distinguishes him from others. Precisely, this attribute dominates whole of his life which means he spends his life under that attribute. Following are the titles of some Sarwari Qadri Saints;
Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
The Mohammadan Assembly also conferred the leader of all Saints and Fuqara Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani with titles. Those titles illustrate his highest spiritual level and the services he rendered for the religion. For instance, his title is al-Ghawth al-Azam which means the greatest Saint who redresses others’ grievances. His other titles are Mohiyyuddin (life giver to the religion), Pir Dastgir (The spiritual guide who helps and patronizes), etc.
The title of Sultan Bahoo is ‘Sultan-ul-Arifeen’ i.e. ‘The Sultan (king) of knowers of Allah’.
Pir Abdullah Shah
The Mohammadan Assembly titled ‘Sultan-ul-Tarikeen’ to Pir Abdullah Shah who is the spiritual successor of Sultan Bahoo.
Pir Abdul Ghafoor Shah
The title of Pir Abdul Ghafoor Shah who is the spiritual successor of Pir Abdullah Shah, is ‘Sultan-ul-Sabireen’.
Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah
The title of Pir Sayyid Mohammad Bahadur Ali Shah who is the spiritual successor of Pir Abdul Ghafoor Shah, is ‘Shahbaz-e-Arifaan’.
Sultan Abdul Aziz
The spiritual leader of Sarwari Qadri order after Pir Sayyid Bahadur Ali Shah was Sultan Abdul Aziz whose title is ‘Sultan-ul-Auliya’.
Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali
The spiritual successor and son of Sultan Abdul Aziz is Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali. Indeed, Allah stationed him at the highest spiritual level of ‘Sultan-ul-Faqr’.
Titles of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman
Like other Sarwari Qadri spiritual guides, the Mohammadan Assembly also conferred Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman with titles. Thus, this acknowledge his services for spreading Faqr in the world. These titles not only reveal his greatest level but also admire his beautiful attributes. Given below is the detail of all his titles which are (or were) the part of his sacred name.
Indeed, due to the efforts of Sultan Bahoo, the Sarwari Qadri order exalted to ultimate heights. Therefore, the Mohammadan Assembly titled ‘Sultan Mohammad’ to all the spiritual guides of this order who came after him. This express their relationship with Sultan Bahoo and his order. Consequently, this title becomes permanent part of their name. Moreover, the title ‘Sultan’ is also a sign of their being the king of Faqr in their respective era. In the following words, Sultan Mohammad Asghar describes another reason for ‘Sultan’ being part of their names;
Moreover, in sura ar-Rehman, Allah has also used this title referring to the Universal Divine Man in these words;
یٰمَعْشَرَ الْجِنِّ وَ الْاِنْسِ اِنِ اسْتَطَعْتُمْ اَنْ تَنْفُذُوْا مِنْ اَقْطَارِ السَّمٰوَاتِ وَ الْاَرْضِ فَانْفُذُوْا ط لَا تَنْفُذُوْنَ اِلَّا بِسُلْطَانٍ
Meaning: O group of Jinns and humans! If (you think) you can pass beyond the regions of the heavens and the earth, then (try to) pass. (Indeed), you will not pass except by the authority of the Sultan. (55:33)
Date of Entitlement
As soon as the Sarwari Qadri Murshids adorn the Divine guidance thorn, this title becomes the part of their name. Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman ascended the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion immediately after the death of his spiritual guide. Therefore, on 23rd December 2003, al-Ghawth al-Azam, Sultan Bahoo and Pir Bahadur Ali Shah ordered him to officially make ‘Sultan Mohammad’ the permanent part of his name.
Mohammadan Assembly awarded him with this title in 2012 when he renovated the old shrine of Pir Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani. As, in spite of extreme opposition, he successfully renovated shrine then celebrated his death anniversary (urs) at the new shrine. Consequently, his efforts were much applauded in the Mohammadan Assembly and thus given this title as a reward. Not only this but Pir Abdullah Shah also accepted his request to recommence his spiritual beneficence from his shrine. As Sayyid Abdullah Shah had stopped his beneficence from shrine due to increasing materialism among the people.
The title Remained hidden for Some time
At that time, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman kept it a secret, despite that he knew it very well. This is because the Sarwari Qadri spiritual guides never want to express their spiritual status. Neither they wish fame, nor respect from the worldly people. As they are engrossed in their deep relation with Allah and the Holy Prophet. Moreover, they are busy in executing their religious responsibilities. However, grandeur of the one whom Allah has chosen as His manifestation can never remain hidden. As Sultan Bahoo says;
بو کستوری دی چھپدی ناہیں، بھانویں دے رکھیے سے پلے ھُو
انگلیں پچھے دینہہ ناہیں چھپدا، دریا نہ رہندے ٹھلے ھُو
Meaning: One cannot stop the fragrance of musk from spreading even if he envelops in hundred cloths. Just like one can neither conceal the sun behind a finger nor can he prevent the rivers from flowing.
Revelation of the Title
The Spiritual Guides of Sarwari Qadri Order is the English version of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen’s Urdu book Mujtaba Akhir Zamani. This book explains the titles of other spiritual guides of Sarwari Qadri order. While translating this book, the translating disciples wondered what the title of their spiritual guide Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman may be. In correspondence to following the pattern of previous spiritual guides. Certainly, there had to be a title for him that goes with the previous titles like Sultan-ul-Arifeen, Sultan-ul-Tarikeen, Sultan-ul-Sabireen. Hence, they were informed esoterically that the title of their spiritual guide is ‘Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen’.
This great news overjoyed the disciples. Thus, they mentioned it for the first time in the book The Spiritual Guides of Sarwari Qadri Order 1st edition. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications published the 1st edition in 2015. Later, many other disciples confirmed this title as they were also informed about it spiritually. This in turn made the title well known among the circle of all the Sarwari Qadri disciples.
Reason behind the Title
Certainly, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the Sultan of Divine lovers. He spent his entire life in the love of Allah, the Holy Prophet and the beloved Saints of Allah. Moreover, he also granted the blessing of Divine love to his disciples and seekers. Truly, without the Divine love, a seeker cannot achieve the spiritual stations of Faqr. Be it the vision of Allah or the presence of the Mohammadan Assembly which are beyond intellect. Only the power of Divine love can raise a common Muslim to the level of a believer (Mumin). As a Muslim declares the Islamic creed just verbally while a Mumin believes in Allah with the verification of soul. Moreover, only the Divine love converts a seeker of carrion world into the seeker of Allah. Without the Divine love, it is impossible to recognize the Truth. As Mian Mohammad Bakhsh rightly said in the following verse;
جنہاں عشق خرید نہ کیتا عیویں آ بھگتے
عشق باہجھ محمد بخشا کیا آدم کیا کتے
Meaning: Those, who have not experienced the Divine love in this world, thus live a useless and a total wasteful life. As, without the Divine love, there is no difference between man and dog.
Surely, the grand blessing of Divine love earlier limited to the specially chosen Saints. Now Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen, due to his ultimate beneficence made it common. Thus, the doors are open for those who wish to have this blessing, otherwise Allah needs none.
Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the revival of true Mohammadan religion and is spreading its real soul Faqr in the world. Therefore, to acknowledge his great efforts in this regard, Mohammadan Assembly bestowed him with the title of ‘Shabeeh-e-Ghaus-e-Azam’. This title means, ‘The Reflection of al-Ghawth al-Azam’ or ‘The Living Portrait of al-Ghawth al-Azam’. This title encompasses and represents his struggle for guidance of the Muslim nation and for vivifying the soul of Islam. Further, many of his disciples were informed about this title esoterically during the 2017 urs of Pir Sayyid Mohammad Abdullah.
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen’s Efforts to Spread Faqr
The greatest wish of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen has been that Allah may grant him the honour to serve His religion Islam. Just like He granted this honour to al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. As he gave new life to the religion and saved it from further deterioration in his age. Thus, to fulfill this wish, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman worked hard day and night. Moreover, he took revolutionary steps to spread the real soul of Islam i.e. Faqr in the world. For this purpose, he used every possible medium of preaching like religious gatherings, speeches and lectures and social media. He also did literary work such as monthly magazine, websites, translations and exegesis of the books of earlier Saints. Additionally, he took preaching tours all around the country, recorded audios and videos, so on and so forth.
Trained Disciples to Spread Faqr
Not only he set the foundation of Tehreek Dawat-e-Faqr and its various departments but also trained his amateur disciples. Thus, instead of hiring professionals, the disciples run these departments. He first purifies the innerselves of the disciples. Then grants them the spiritual enlightenment and insight required to execute the responsibilities of their department. Moreover, he spiritually grants them the pure intention needed to do the work of religion selflessly only to please Allah. Above all, he teaches the lesson to do everything according to the will of Allah. It is not easy to spread the true soul of Islam in this materialistic age where sectarianism is common.
Also, now people give more importance to the superficial aspects of religion than the spiritual ones. Even then, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman made the best of his efforts to achieve his objective despite of facing hard opposition.
Spread Faqr Around the Globe
It is only due to his struggle that Faqr is now spreading in the whole world. In fact, people from all around the world are taking oath of allegiance at his sacred hand. After getting the message of Faqr online, people are approaching him to get his beneficence. Thus, those wandering in search of true religion have now gotten their destination. It seems as if the time has approached when the poet Iqbal’s following prediction will come true;
اب تیرا دور بھی آنے کو ہے اے فقرِ غیور
کھا گئی روحِ فرنگی کو ہوائے زر و سیم
Explanation: The soul or inward of the Muslims who were on the footsteps of the Europeans has completely destroyed by the riches and wealth of this world. O honourable Faqr! Now your time is about to come. As the shattered souls of these Muslims can only find peace in the true soul of Islam.
After adorning the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman worked very hard. It is absolutely right to say that he has done the work of three centuries in just thirteen years. Certainly, this work would prove enough for coming three centuries. No doubt, he is perfectly on the footsteps of the greatest of all Saints, al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani. Thus, deserves to be called his living example and reflection.
Reviver of the Era
As stated in the following Hadith;
عن ابو ہریرہ عن رسول اللَّہ صلی اللَّہ علیہ وآلہٖ وسلم اِنَّ اللّٰہَ یَبْعَثُ لِھٰذِہِ الْاُمَّۃِ عَلٰی رَأسِ کُلِّ مِائَۃِ سَنَۃٍ مَنْ یُجَدِدْ لَھَا دِیْنَھَا
Meaning: Abu Huraira reported that the Holy Prophet said; “Surely Allah would raise up a person in this nation at the advent of every century. Who shall revive its religion for it. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith#4291)
Al-Ghawth al-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani was the reviver of Islam of his era. He was born in 470 Hijri i.e. 1078 A.D. Later, in 521 Hijri (1128 A.D.) he acceded to the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion. Then, he appeared as the reviver and reformer of religion. It was the start of century according to Islamic calendar as well as the Gregorian calendar. Similarly, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman acceded to the throne of Divine guidance and persuasion in December 2003 A.D. (1424 Hijri). So, it was the start of century according to the Islamic calendar as well as the Gregorian calendar.
Al-Ghawth al-Azam appeared as the reviver and reformer of Islam at the advent of second millennium. While his reflection Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman appeared as the reviver and reformer of Islam at the advent of third millennium.
Spiritual Observation of a Disciple
In the aforementioned context, a spiritual observation of one of his female disciples Anila is worth mentioning, she tells;
- One day I recited dawat and got the presence of the Mohammadan Assembly spiritually. There, I observed with my open eyes that al-Ghawth al-Azam has blessed me with his presence. Then he said about our spiritual guide Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman; “He is priceless. Certainly, world is not aware of his spiritual status and level.” Further, he added, “He is me and I am he. Whoever will follow him, will indeed be blessed with success.”
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen depicts the inward and real attribute of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Contrarily, Shabeeh-e-Ghaus-e-Azam depicts his outward and scholarly attribute. Like the inward title of Husayn ibn Ali is ‘Imam al-Ashiqaan’ meaning ‘The Leader of Divine lovers’. However, his outward title is ‘Sayyid al-Shuhada’, which means ‘The Master of martyrs’.
Only time will reveal more signs to further verify that Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is certainly the reflection of al-Ghawth al-Azam.
Sultan-ul-Faqr VI conferred his beloved spiritual heir with the title of ‘Aftab-e-Faqr’ which means ‘The Sun of Faqr’. Thus, appreciating the exalted heights of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. As he has made extravagant efforts to elevate Faqr in this age. Undoubtedly, he is the sun of Faqr which is spreading its light in the whole world. This exactly is the interpretation of his mother’s dream which she saw while bearing him.
It is only due to his efforts that Faqr is not hidden now, rather is rising like the sun. Thus, enlightening the dark world. We know that the sun gives light and energy to every living thing without discrimination. Similarly, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman grants the beneficence of Faqr to every seeker who comes to him with true intention. Said another way, he grants guidance about the right path without the discrimination of caste, creed, sect or nationality.
The Chosen and the Desired one…
Sultan Bahoo writes the following in his famous book Risala Roohi Sharif;
- The Holy Prophet (pbuh) has called me ‘Mustafa Sani and Mujtaba Aakhir Zamani’ with his pearl divulging tongue.
Both the titles ‘Mustafa’ and ‘Mujtaba’ mean ‘the chosen and the desired one’. But these titles are specific for the Holy Prophet. However, he himself blessed Sultan Bahoo with the titles of Mustafa Sani (Mustafa the second). Also, the title of Mujtaba Aakhir Zamani which means Mujtaba of the last era. These titles are in fact a symbolic reference. When the evil practices will become common in the Muslims then Sultan Bahoo’s teachings will be the light of righteousness. Moreover, a special person from his spiritual order will promote his teachings. Thus, he will guide people on the right path according to his teachings. Further, Sultan Bahoo will spiritually support that person. As he himself will not be physically alive in the last era.
Spreading the Teachings of Sultan Bahoo
Sultan Bahoo highlighted this fact in the following words. These words have been passed on from generation to generation:
- “(An era will arrive) when the ignorance will prevail, and falsehood will overcome the Truth. Then there would be a variety of sects and groups. Moreover, every sect would consider only itself on the right path and all the others as depraved ones. Further, people would hesitate to talk against the wrong sects. Thus, those falsely claiming to have the spiritual knowledge will disguise themselves as Saints. Consequently, occupy the seats of shrines to plunder wealth by looting people. Then the fountains of the Divine light will start showering from my shrine.”
Here the term ‘fountains of Divine light’ refers to his valuable teachings of Faqr. As it shall bring out the people of this age from darkness towards the light of guidance. Hence, in this world of chaos, the only source of righteousness will be Sultan Bahoo. Said another way if the Muslim nation ever find guidance, it will be through the Sultan Bahoo teachings. As a person of similar exalted spiritual status from his order will promote his teachings. Moreover, he would be the one who will revive the true spirit of Islam.
Time to Enlighten the World with Faqr
In the following verses, Sultan Bahoo says:
چڑھ چناں تے کر رشنائی، ذکر کریندے تارے ھُو
گلیاں دے وِچ پھرن نمانے، لعلاندے ونجارے ھُو
Meaning: O my enlightened moon of Faqr, you must rise soon and enlighten the world. As up till now darkness has overcome this moon. The seekers of Allah are wandering in search of the Divine Truth in this age of falsehood. Thereby waiting for a true guide like you. Whenever they try to seek knowledge about the path of Truth from some guide, they discover him masked with deception. So, they are waiting for a true guide like you who will take the nation to the right path.
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Enlightened the World with Faqr
Verily, Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the sun as well as the moon of Faqr which gives light in the dark. Moreover, he is the ‘fountain of Divine light’. As he is the person who is promoting the teachings of Sultan Bahoo in this age of depravity. For the first time in history, his organization is translating the books of Sultan Bahoo in English along with Urdu. Thus, promoting them in the whole world through internet, websites, social media posts of his sayings and many other ways. Hence proved that undoubtedly, he entitles to be called “Mustafa Sani and Mujtaba Aakhir Zamani’.
A female disciple Shazia Tabassam Sarwari Qadri has described the titles of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman beautifully in these verses;
عاشقاں دا او سلطان سدیوے
فقر دا او آفتاب دسیوے
شبیہ او غوث الاعظم وکھیوے
سچا راہ سلطان محمد والا، جس وچ ربّ لبھیوے
Meaning: People call him as the Sultan of Divine lovers and he appears as the Sun of Faqr. Additionally, he looks like the perfect living portrait of al-Ghawth al-Azam. The right path is verily that of Sultan Mohammad through which a true seeker can find Allah.
The Mohammadan Assembly spiritually informed a special disciple Nasir Hameed Sarwari Qadri of another title of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. Esoterically, this titled conferred upon her during her presence at the shrine of Sayyid Abdullah Shah on 21st January 2017. The dweller of the shrine revealed that ‘Aftab-e-Faqr’ is his title in the heavens while ‘Shan-e-Faqr’ is on earth. This title means; ‘The Glory of Faqr’ i.e. from the heavens till the nether regions acknowledge his grandeur. During dawat Sayyid Abdullah Shah also informed Shamsa the reason of this title.
As, to since Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman has manifested the glory of Sarwari Qadri order and all its spiritual leaders. Earlier this glory was concealed from the world, that is why all the spiritual leaders are very pleased with him. Thus, as a reward they have unanimously bestowed the title of Shan-e-Faqr upon him.
Sultan-ul-Zakireen is the attributive title of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman. In fact, it is associated to his marvel that he grants all his disciples the invocation of Sultan-ul-Azkar. Sultan-ul-Azkar is the king of invocations ‘Hoo’ and Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen grants it instantly on taking oath of allegiance from his disciples. Sultan-ul-Zakireen means ‘Sultan of those who invoke the king of invocations Hoo’.
The only Spiritual Guide to Grant Invocation of ‘Hoo’
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the only spiritual guide in the world who grants the king of invocations Hoo. He grants it to every disciple immediately on taking oath of allegiance from him. Further, he is the one who made the invocation of Hoo common. Before him, all the Sarwari Qadri spiritual guides granted this final invocation only to a few chosen seekers of Allah. Only after they had crossed the previous three stages. The disciples got the spiritual beneficence of Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen after gaining king of invocations from him. Moreover, they witnessed the invocation of Hoo continued in their every breath.
On 28 June 2019 a special disciple named Rohina Farooq Sarwari Qadri was informed about this title of Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman.
It is an Urdu article of the magazine “Mahnama Sultan-ul-Faqr Lahore” for the August 2019 issue. Originally penned by Noreen Abdul Ghafoor Sarwari Qadri and translated in English by Mohammad Abdullah Sarwari Qadri exclusively for the website. If you wish to read the article in Urdu, click the following link:
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