The core and locus of Faqr is Tasleem-o-Raza, that is to surrender and submit before Allah and to be content at whatever His will is, just to please Him. Tasleem means to admit that whatever is written in one’s fate is only from Allah. He alone confers and prohibits everything and whatever He decides for His men can never be wrong or harmful for them. Keeping this in mind, when one claims that he will be happy with everything written in his fate and will never complain to Allah or go against His will, it is called Tasleem. And when he actually has to face his fate, and he still remains satisfied, keeps his faith in Allah, no matter how worse his fate apparently is, neither he complains nor tries to run away from his destiny, thus proving his claim of Tasleem, then this is called Raza i.e. to be pleased at Allah’s Will. Tasleem is a state of submission before the appearance of fate and Raza is surrendering to the Divine will after the occurrence of whatever is written in fate. In Faqr, the devoted seeker of Allah considers every blessing and gift and every loss as the will and decision of Allah. When blessed with something, he should not feel proud, and in times of sorrow he should not be disappointed. It is for one’s own good that in the worldly as well as spiritual life, he stays in the fear of displeasing Allah, but at the same time hopes for the best from Him. He must be pleased with the consent of Allah and submit to Him in every condition, like horror and distress, peace and grief, comfort and tension, convenience and misery, illness and health, hunger and satiation etc. Only such seeker is accepted and approved at the court of Allah.
The state of Tasleem-o-Raza (complete submission) is one of the greatest among the several way stations of Faqr. Only after this station of Faqr, the access to the two very important and the highest stations, the vision of Allah and the presence of Majlis-e-Mohammadi (Assembly of the Holy Prophet) are gained. Before these two, Tasleem-o-Raza is among the last stations and it is the station of Nafs-e-Mutmainna (the satisfied self). Allah says: “O’ the satisfied self! Return to your Rub (Allah), in the situation that He is pleased with you and you are also in consent with Him. (Surah Fajr-27,28)
Allah says in the Quran that only those people are destined to have the vision of Allah who surrender before His will.
Meaning: Who is better than the person who surrenders himself before the will of Allah, he is the virtuous person (to have the Vision of Allah). (Al-Nisa-125)
Meaning: Yes, who submits himself for the willingness of Allah, he is the Mohsin (is the man with spiritual beauty who has devoted all his efforts towards acquiring the station of Ihsan, where he will have the Vision of Allah) and for him, there is a reward from Allah and he would not have any fear and grief at all.
It is proved from the above verses that the most desirable and favorite act is to submit to Allah’s consent every moment and to be always grateful to Him at His blessings and keep patience while He inflicts troubles. At His court, the faith of only that person is accepted and approved who submits to His Will with all the sincerity of his heart and withdraws all his own wishes and desires for Allah’s pleasure and consent. This makes it easier for him to accept and face the troubles and calamities which befall on him. In every phase and aspect of his life, he adopts the path of Tasleem-o-Raza by sacrificing his own wishes for Allah’s wish.
- Hazoor Akram Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam says:
Meaning: A single particle cannot move without Allah’s Will.
The Divine desire overcomes the knowers of Allah (Arifeen-e-Haq) to such an extent that they never become sad and aggrieved during the worst circumstances, rather they always remain happy or it is to say (I surrender to my Beloved’s wish). On this station, Allah blesses them with His unique Light (Noor) and the Divine Union and they are granted a new spiritual life from the unseen world every moment from the hidden world.
Meaning: The people, who surrender before their Beloved’s Will, are conferred upon a new life every moment.
The Arifeen (knowers of Allah), whose purpose of life is only to acquire the Divine consent, remain pleased at the will of Allah in every condition. Shaikh Fareed-ud-Din Attar Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh tells that for thirty years, Hazrat Fazeel Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh did not smile but when his son died, people saw him smiling unexpectedly. Somebody asked him, why is he smiling at such an occasion? He replied! “I am sure that my son’s death is Allah’s Will. Therefore, I smiled for the sake of Allah’s pleasure. Whatever He likes, I like too.”
- Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu expounds:
“At the occurrence of what is written in the fate, raising objection on Allah (to think against the will of Allah), is the demise of Faith, Trust, Tauheed and loyalty. The heart possessing true faith never says ‘why’ & ‘how’, its job is to say ‘yes’ (i.e. he obeys to the Divine ordain and does not opine). To argue and raise objections is infact the habit of the Nafs (lower self)”. (Fatah-Al-Rabbani-Majlis-01)
- According to Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi, “Raza (the submission) means to obliterate one’s choice and to apprehend calamity as a blessing”.
- It is written in Tafseer Asrar-ul-Fateha that one day Hazrat Khawaja Hassan Basri, Hazrat Maalik Bin Denar, Hazrat Shafique Balkhi and Hazrat Rabia Basri gathered in a meeting and were discussing the levels of Sidq (sincerity) regarding Raza (Divine consent). Hazrat Khawaja Hassan Basri said, “That person is not a true seeker of Allah who does not keep patience on the troubles befallen by Allah”. Hazrat Rabia Basri replied “this saying reflects vanity, the argument must be better than this one.” Hazrat Shafique Balkhi uttered “that person is not truthful in his seeking of Allah who does not enjoy the pain given by Allah”. Again Hazrat Rabia Basri replied “this too reflects pride”. Then Hazrat Maalik Bin Deenar said, “He is not a loyal seeker of Allah who is not thankful to Him even in pain”. Hazrat Rabia Basri answered, “He is not true to seek Allah who is not so much engrossed in the vision of his Beloved that he forgets every pain”. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
- Allama Iqbal expresses:
Meaning: Faqr is the path of eagerness, passion, submission and the Divine consent. This is the treasured possession of the Holy Prophet Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam which we have inherited from him and now we are its custodians.
In this regard, Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo says;
- Have complete trust (tawakal) in Allah and be delighted at His Will. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
- People collect a lot of wealth for the satisfaction of their selves and to build their credibility among others because they think the blessings should be enjoyed first and then the path of righteousness should be adopted. But you should purify your heart first and then adopt Tasleem-o-Raza (submission) so that you may approach the levels of the nearness to Allah by understanding the reality of ‘Kun’ (through the Divine Command “Kun”! i.e. “be” the immutable entity is “fayaKun” i.e. “It becomes”). For the wise people, this single point is enough to understand that by Tasleem-o-Raza, no complaint is left in a person.
- Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo had been distributing the treasure of Faqr lavishly by roaming about in every city, town and village. For this purpose, he had to visit door to door. In this context he expresses:
Meaning: I disgrace myself and beg at every door for the sake of pleasing Allah. (Noor-ul-Huda and Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
Meaning: If you see the reality of the grave, the details of ruination would be revealed upon you. Then you would learn a lesson in your agony and your heart would adopt Tasleem-o-Raza. And then the truth of all the spiritual stations would be disclosed upon you. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
Meaning: If a dervish (spiritual guide) snubs or scolds you, even then bow before him as, to serve a dervish (Murshid Kamil) is an act of righteousness.(Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
- Tasleem-o-Raza is the status of a person having sublime character and the pure heart (Qalb-e-Saleem) and this is the Sirat-e-Mustqeem (the straight path) on which the rewarded people have been treading. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
Meaning: The self conceited people can never find Allah, as their gods are their sensual lusts. Only those find Allah, who overpower their baser selves at the cost of their lives just to please Allah. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
- Remember, it is not an obligatory duty to get a lot of worldly knowledge, though, it is essential to get necessary information about Islam to avoid sins and to be afraid of Allah. But it is compulsory to get rid of the lust and greed of Nafs, to drown in Divine Love and to have Divine knowledge of Tauheed (Oneness of Allah). So, for this purpose, travelling on the ancient and the great straight path, getting the pure heart (Qalb-e-Saleem) and adopting Tasleem-o-Raza (complete submission) are essential. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
Meaning: This Faqeer Bahoo leads people towards the Union of Haq merely to please Allah, and takes the seekers of Allah to the Assembly of Mustafa Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
Meaning: O’ Bahoo! Adopt Tasleem-o-Raza i.e. submission and surrender to the will of Allah, as the pure heart having this blessing achieves the presence in the Majlis-e-Mohammadi. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
Meaning: Be patient! As there is no other option, if you will not adopt Tasleem-o-Raza then what else would you do? (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
Meaning: O’ Bahoo! When the submission dominates the destiny, the fear of the destiny ends. He should not be afraid of the destiny, who has gained complete closeness to Allah. Instead the imperfect, immature and common persons are always fearful of the destiny. When a person submits to the will of Allah, destiny becomes its slave. Without the Divine command the destiny cannot harm anyone even a little bit. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
- Do not frown while facing the destiny and never hide yourself from its orders.(Kaleed-ul-Tauheed)
- Get to know that man is not born of his own will, then why everything should happen with his accord. So it is better to submit everything to Allah and get yourself out of it. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan) Sultan-ul-Arifeen expresses in his Punjabi couplets (Abiyat):
My sins have made me an unfortunate person, as because of them I am away from my Beloved Allah. But I am proud of my slavery to my perfect murshid, as he has made me the fortunate one by taking me to Allah under his guidance and blessing. Like satan, many people are proud of their knowledge and their pride has deprived them of the Union with Allah. Similarly, there are millions of people who are involved in the fear of others instead of fearing Allah, and many of them seek paradise instead of seeking Allah. All of these people never bother to know the Will of Allah regarding their destiny. They are always involved with their own wishes. Still, there are certain people who have nothing to do with heaven or hell; they are craving for the Vision of Allah only. These true lovers always remain in the state of submission before their Beloved.
In this stanza, he is teaching the lesson of patience and perseverance to the seeker of Allah that he should tolerate the troubles and agony afflicted by the worldly people while serving the perfect guide. He says, if you want to gain the status of (die before death) then you must be submissive like a beggar. If somebody throws garbage on you, bear it, just like the heap of rubbish supports further filth on itself. If somebody abuses or insults you and quarrels with you, you should respond very politely with love and decency. All such things like complaints, taunts, humiliation etc, must be borne for the sake of the True Beloved. I have totally submitted myself to my Murshid, as he pleases, I also reciprocate.
If you are a divine lover and want success and achievement in this way, then keep yourself strong and firm. The path of love is not an easy one, in it the lover has to tolerate thousands of rivalries and taunts. Mansoor Hallaj had to be hung to death because he knew the secrets of Allah but revealed them upon the ignorant people. Once, somebody becomes a slave of the Perfect and true Murshid then he must not leave him, even if the world keeps calling him an infidel.
The Perfect Guide persuades and guides the seeker through the contemplation of the Ism-e-Allah Zaat (the Personal name of Allah) in such a way that it becomes his nature and habit to always submit before the Will of Allah, rather he is pleased and satisfied on every aspect of his outward and inward life. He is pleased with Allah and Allah is pleased with him.