Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is the descendant of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. His family lineage reaches Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam in the order:
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi son of Syed Abdul Qadir son of Sharaf-ud-Din son of Syed Ahmed son of Allaudin Sani son of Syed Shahab-ud-Din Sani son of Sharaf-ud-Din Qasim son of Muhayudin Yahyaa son of Badar-ud-Din Hussain son of Allaudin Son of Shams-ud-Din son of Saif-ud-Din son of Zaheer-ud-Din son of Abi Nasar son of Abu Saleh Nasar son of Syedna Abdul Razzaq Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh son of Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was born in 1024 Hijri (1615 A.D) in Hammah, Shaam. His father Syed Abdul Qadir Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was a dervish and a perfect saint. He got his early education from his father. At the age of 35 he came to Baghdad from Hammah and secluded at the shrine of his ancestor Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. He remained there in seclusion for 3 years, then he was ordered esoterically by Ghaus-ul-Azam to go to India and meet Syed Abdul Jaleel. He reached India via Iran and Afghanistan at the age of 38 years on Tuesday, 13th Ziqa’ad 1062 Hijri (15 October 1652 A.D) in the reign of Shah Jahan. He met Syed Abdul Jaleel Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who resided near the river Indus or Burhan pur or Aadil pur, and swore allegiance upon his hands on Monday, 10th Zilhaj 1062 Hijri (10th Nov 1652 A.D). Then on his orders, he went to Dehli on Wednesday 9th Safar 1063 Hijri (8th January 1653). Here, he bought some land and built his house and a Khanqah, where his shrine is situated now. He also built closets for the residence of the disciples on the land around the Khanqah and a mosque, which is now known as Shah Abdul Rehman Mosque. Present Sadar station and quarters of Muslim Waqf board are built on his land.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh spent his life in anonymity. He never liked fame and never went to the royal court or met the rulers or officials. He was a Sahib-e-Tasarruf (Man of Divine powers) Qadri Faqeer. Lacs of people in Dehli and its vicinity benefitted from him spiritually and lacs of people became his disciples. He was a “Qaim Maqam Faqeer” i.e. a Faqeer who benefits people while staying at one place. There is not any evidence that he ever went out of Dehli, once he came here.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh had wheatish complexion and medium height, his eyes were very beautiful and his face was so luminous with Divine Light that disciples could not fix gaze at his face.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh married a woman of Jilani Sadaats Syeda Zahida Khatoon on Monday 6th Jamadi-us-Sani, 1065 Hijri (12th April 1655 A.D) in Dehli. He had his first son Syed Taj-ul-Arifeen in 1070 Hijri (1660 A.D) who died with diarrhoea in 1075 Hijri (1665 A.D). In 1082 Hijri (1671 A.D) his second son Syed Abdul Aziz was born.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani died on the night of Friday 21st Ramadan 1088 Hijri (16 November 1677) and was buried in his closet. His wife died after 10 years in 1098 Hijri (1687 A.D). The great grand son of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani and grand son of syed Abdul Aziz, Syed Abdullah Shah Madni Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh leaded the Sarwari Qadri order after Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. His shrine is in Ahmd Pur Sharqiah, district Bahawalpur Pakistan.
The saintly lineage of Faqr reaches Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi from Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu in the following order:
Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani was a disciple of Syed Abdul Jaleel who was a disciple of Syed Abdul Baqqa disciple of Syed Abdul Sattar disciple of Syed Abdul Fattah disciple of Syed Najam-ud-Din Burhan Puri disciple of Syed Mohammad Yahyaa Sadiq Jilani disciple of Syed Abdul Jabbar bin Abu Saleh Nasar disciple of Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani disciple of Syedna Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu.
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was the Khalifah-e-Akbar (the most superior spiritual successor) of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. Khalifah-e-Asghar (junior successor) included Shah Habib-Allah Qadri and Syed Mohammad Asghar who was the first caretaker of his shrine and had no children.
Syed Abdul Rehman Jillani’s urs had been being celebrated on 21st Ramadan with great devotion for a long time. Till now, devotees celebrate his urs on 21st Ramadan.
During the British rule, a road and railway track was passed from the land around his shrine and the Sadar Railway station was also built here, but special care was taken to keep his shrine safe. A compound was made around the shrine to keep it separate from the railway system.
Address of the shrine: Old Dehli 6-towards the East of Lahori Darwaza near Sadar Railway Station Railway Colony, Muslim Waqf board quarters, Dehli-6-India.