The Perfect Fakir
There is no doubt that Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), the Mustafa (selected one) and the true reflection of Hoo, is the ultimate source of guidance till the last day. He is The Divine Universal Man. However, after the apparent demise of the Holy Prophet, the process of guiding mankind in their spiritual journey towards the gnosis of Allah never ceased.
This fact is stated by Ibn Arabi in the following words:
From pre-existence till eternity Prophet Mohammad changes his physical dresses (body) in every era and only in the beings of ‘the perfect individuals’ does he manifest himself. (al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya and Fusus al-Hikam)
The Holy Prophet has been The Divine Universal Man and the rightful Caliph of Allah from eternity to sempiternity. The spiritual system continues after the apparent demise of the Prophet Mohammad. It is through Prophet’s inner guidance and source that his followers are given the honor of being the Perfect Fakir in every age. This Perfect Fakir is true vicegerent and caliph of Prophet Mohammad.
Reference from Quran
Allah says in Quran:
Ask of Him (Allah – the Rahman) who has attained to His awareness. (The unaware do not have any gnosis of Him). (Al-Furqan, 59)
This Quranic verse is a proof that the knowledge of Allah is possessed only by His special chosen ones. Allah Almighty has commanded us to follow these chosen and distinguished ones.
In every age, there is a person who is the perfect reflection and caliph of the Holy Prophet. He is a blessing to the creatures of God by the command of Allah. Among these Perfect Fakirs and pious ones, is a Perfect Fakir who was born in the seventeenth century AD.
Introduction of Sultan Bahoo
He is the Sultan-ul-Faqr V, Sultan-ul-Arifeen, Burhan-ul-Wasilin, perfect Fakir and master of all the worlds, “Sultan Bahoo”. He was born on Thursday, 1st Jamadi Al-Thani 1039 AH (17th January 1630) at dawn during the reign of Shah Jahan in the town of Shorkot located in District Jhang. Sultan Bahoo was a born saint, beloved of God and a Perfect Fakir (annihilated and immortal with Allah).
The eternal Divine light shone brightly on his forehead. Any person would have become saint by a slight gaze of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo. He says about his status of The Perfect Fakir in one of his books:
“I am the perfect, accomplished, supreme and comprehensive spiritual guide possessing the absolute light of guidance and I hold the rank of Fakir who is the master of worlds.” Nur-ul-Huda Kalan (English Translation with Persian Text)
Who is the Perfect Fakir?
Ghawth al-Azam says in Ar-Risala-tul-Ghausia:
‘’Fakir (the Universal Divine Man) is not the one who has nothing. Instead, Fakir is he who says, ‘’Be,” and it becomes.
Muhammad Iqbal has also discussed this in his poetry as:
بر عیارِ مصطفیؐ خود را زند
تا جہانے دیگرے پیدا کند
Meaning: First he (the Perfect Fakir) annihilates himself in the holy self of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), and then he creates a new world. This means that whatever he (the perfect Fakir) does is absolutely according to the pattern of the Holy Prophet (pbuh). Whatever he creates, it becomes the world of the Holy Prophet. (Faqr-e-Iqbal)
Sultan Bahoo is the manifestation of ‘’Hoo”
The infinite blessings of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo on creatures of God prove that he is the exact manifestation of ‘’Hoo’’. He says:
اگر بائے بشریت حائل نبودے باھُو عین یاھُو است
Meaning: If human element does not intervene, Bahoo is exact manifestation of ‘’Hoo.’’
He has stated this at one more point:
‘’Bahoo’s mother named him Bahoo because Bahoo has always remained with ‘’Hoo.’’
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo stated about his spiritual rank of Divine unity in Risala Roohi Sharif. He says:
When I reached the ultimate destination of faqr, The Divine Decree came from the Majestic Court, ‘’You are My Lover.’’ I submitted, ‘’My humble self is incapable of the Love of The Majesty.’’ Then it was commanded, ‘’You are My Beloved’’. On this, I kept quiet. The Sheen of Ray of Divinity submerged me into the Oceans of Divine Engrossment like a mere particle and The Divine Commandment came, ‘’You are exactly Me and I am exactly you. With respect to Haqeeqat (The Divine Reality, you are my reality and with respect to Ma’rifa (gnosis), you are My Beloved and you are the secret of Hoo that lies in YaHoo.’’
The Perfect Fakir Illuminates the Dark Inward
My spiritual guide Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman says:
The perfect Fakir with his spiritual glance illuminates the rusty inward of the seeker with the Divine light. He purifies the innerself and takes the seeker to the Divine nearness. The company and proximity of the perfect Fakir is the sustenance for the soul of the seeker of Allah and pilgrim of the spiritual journey.
Knowledge of Sultan-ul-Arifeen
The Perfect Fakir is never apart from God. His speaking, eating, drinking, sleeping, waking up and bestowing blessings on God’s creatures are from Allah. No one can estimate its glory, knowledge and foresight and nearness to the Almighty.
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo, The Perfect Fakir, had not acquired any apparent knowledge. But it was a sign of his position in the presence of the Almighty. That he was always engaged in the Divine observation of the Almighty.
He said about his knowledge, insight and spiritual rank in the court of Almighty:
Prophet Muhammad and I did not get any worldly education. Rather, The Divine Knowledge was bestowed upon us. Its triumphs and experiences revealed such vast knowledge, intrinsically as well as extrinsically, which needs infinite number of books to be expressed. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
The Perfect Fakir has ‘Divine knowledge’ which is beneficial for the creation even after the apparent life of the Fakir. Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo did not acquire any apparent knowledge. But by the command of Allah, he wrote 140 unique books on Divine knowledge, Sufism and gnosis (Ma’rifa) of Allah. These books are a beacon for the seekers of Allah in every era. Sultan ul Arifeen Sultan Bahoo describe the Divine secrets of Ma’rifa in an unequaled manner.
Top Miracle of Sultan Bahoo
There is no one like Sultan Bahoo among the Sufi Saints. His spiritual rank and status is matchless. His perfect gaze had such Divinity that even the dark hearted would be enlightened by the manifestations of the Divine light. They would absorb in Divine vision of Allah. His miracles were manifested since childhood.
If he had looked at anyone, he would have embrace Islam. This miracle of Sultan Bahoo continued till his last age. Even today, if the seekers of Allah visit his shrine with sincerity, good intentions, politeness and respect, he is not returned empty-handed. He, for sure, guides him to the Allah. There is only one condition that the seeker should ask for Allah.
He says in Risala Roohi Sharif,
For every true seeker of Allah I render my guidance. I can take him from the initial stage of the spiritual journey to the final and supreme level in just a moment. Come to me O’ Seeker, Come to me O’ Seeker, Come to me O’ Seeker I can take you to Allah on the very first day.
He further says,
Since the Divine reality has dignified me due to the Eternal Benevolence, The Holy Prophet has ordered me to guide everyone, Muslim or Non-Muslim, fortunate or unfortunate, alive or dead. (Risala Roohi Sharif)
Quote of Ghawth al-Azam Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani
There is no prophet among you that you should follow. So when you follow the followers (spiritual successors, spiritual caliph) of the Holy Prophet, then you have followed the Holy Prophet. When you see them, it is as if you have seen the Holy Prophet. (Al-Fatah Al-Rabbani – Majlis 14)
Other Titles of Sultan Bahoo
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo has been blessed with titles of Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era) from the holy court of Prophet Mohammad.
He states that:
“He (the Holy Prophet) has entitled me as Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era) with his pearl divulging tongue.”
My beloved spiritual guide Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman has explained these titles very beautifully. He says:
Both the titles ‘Mustafa’ and ‘Mujtaba’ mean “The Chosen and The Desired One.” These titles are specific for the Holy Prophet but he himself blessed Sultan Bahoo with the titles of Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era). This is a symbolic reference to the fact that when evil practices will become common in the Muslim society then Sultan Bahoo’s teachings will provide the light of Righteousness and a special person belonging to his spiritual Order will promote his teachings and guide the people on the Right Path. That Person will be supported spiritually by Sultan Bahoo because he himself will not be physically alive in the last era.
Sultan Bahoo says:
When ignorance will prevail and falsehood will overcome the Truth, there would be variety of sects and groups; every sect would consider only itself on the Right Path and all the others as depraved ones; when people would hesitate to talk against the wrong sects; those falsely claiming to have the spiritual knowledge will disguise themselves as Saints and occupy the seats of shrines to plunder wealth by looting people; then the fountains of The Divine Light will sprout from my shrine. (Mujtaba Akhir Zamani)
Actual Meaning of Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era)
This means that in the worst period of misguidance, there will be a man of truth from the lineage of the Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo. This man will receive spiritual guidance from Sultan Bahoo. He will spread the teachings of Sultan Bahoo to the creation. Therefore, the true teachings of the Perfect Fakir can only be understood and known by the one whose intention is pure and whose inner self is clean. Only remembrance of Allah resides there.
The entire Muslim Ummah believes that every word spoken by Holy Prophet is the word of Allah Almighty. So how can this be possible that when Holy Prophet entitled Sultan Bahoo Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era) there would be no one to spread the teachings of Faqr to the mankind? Whoever goes out in the way of Allah seeking it, he (Allah) himself becomes the protector and guardian of his seeker. Whoever has Allah as his guardian, he finds Allah.
Perfect Fakir of This Era
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the Perfect Fakir of this era. He has kept the teachings of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo alive in their essence by the command of God. Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen is the bearer of the Divine Trust. He is the true spiritual successor of Sultan-ul-Arifeen and the 31st Perfect Spiritual Guide of Sarwari Qadri Order.
Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman is the perfect, accomplished, supreme and comprehensive spiritual guide and the Absolute Light of Guidance. The glory of perfect and accomplished Fakir is that he takes the seeker to Allah with his benevolent gaze only. He does not impose any hardship, austerities and struggles on him. Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen is also enlightening the inner selves of mankind without any difficulty by just invocation and contemplation of Ism-e-Allah Zaat and with his perfect spiritual gaze.
The reviver of religion is the one who spreads the religion of Muhammad (Mohammadan Faqr) with its soul in every era. Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen not only spread the teachings of Faqr. But he also made the acquisition of religion (Faqr) easier for mankind by using all the modern means of communication.
Aftab-e-Faqr (The Sun of Faqr) Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman
Sultan-ul-Faqr VI Sultan Muhammad Asghar Ali, has bestowed upon him the title of Aftab-e-Faqr (The Sun of Faqr). Undoubtedly, he is the Sun of Faqr who is blessing the mankind equally.
چڑھ چناں تے کر رُشنائی، تارے ذِکر کریندے تیرا ھُو
تیرے جیہے چن کئی سَے چڑھدے، سانوں سجناں باجھ ہنیرا ھُو
جِتھے چَن اساڈا چڑھدا، اُوتھے قدر نہیں کُجھ تیرا ھُو
Meaning: O’enlightened moon of Faqr! Rise soon and fill this dark and evil world with The Divine Light. The Seekers and true Believers of Allah are desperately waiting for you. Hundreds of fake moons (fraud guides and their fake ways) have risen and deceived the Ummah claiming to be you, but without you there is darkness everywhere. When our real moon (a Perfect Spiritual Guide of the Sarwari Qadri order, who is the true and complete manifestation of The Divine Self) will appear, the fake moons will disappear and these fraud guides will run away. (Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil)
Indeed, Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen is the Divine sun that illuminates the dark hearts of mankind with the Divine light of guidance. In this age of misguidance and hypocrisy, he has maintained the teachings of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan Bahoo to their entirety without any personal interest. He has also published the books of Sultan Bahoo in Urdu as well as English for every generation. These books are enriched with knowledge of Faqr and Sufism.
Indeed, just as Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen has generalized teachings of Faqr under the spiritual guidance of the Holy Prophet, Ghawth al-Azam and Sultan-ul-Arifeen, the titles of “Mustafa Sani (Mustafa The Second) and Mujtaba Akhir Zamani (Mujtaba of The Last Era)” are truly for Sultan-ul-Ashiqeen Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman.
The blessings of Faqr continue to be spread. O’ the Seeker of Allah! Let go of prejudice and come quickly, so that your purpose may be fulfilled.
This blog is an English translation of the Urdu article فقیر ِکامل حضرت سخی سلطان باھُو رحمتہ اللہ علیہ which appeared in the January 2021 edition of the Mahnama Sultan ul Faqr Magazine, Lahore.
Dr. Mohammad Waseem Akram Sarwari Qadri has translated it in English.