The Perfect Spiritual Guide of Sultan-ul-Arifeen

Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi is the Murshid of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. He belonged to the progeny of Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. Details about his life are hidden from the world just as details about other Mashaikh of Sarwari Qadri Order are hidden. They all do not like fame, so they keep themselves away from people, thus, details about their lives remain secret.

According to the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani “Syed Abdul Rehman Dehlvi held a government post in Dehli and was the key holder and trustee of the royal treasury, so he was provided with armed security and a safe place to live. When he met his disciples, he used to hide his face with a viel because people could not bear the effects of The Light of Divine Reality and Majesty luminous on his sacred face. Thus he held a great position in worldly life as well as in Faqr”.

  • This statement of Manaqib-e-Sultani gives rise to following confusions:
    1. Since Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi held a great position in Faqr, many seekers of Allah had been meeting him to reach the Divine Truth through his medium, the Indian writers have also stated in their books that lacs of people were benefited through him. Had he been on a high government post, it would not have been possible because then, he must have been busy in doing his worldly duties. Moreover, none of the Indian historians have mentioned his name as a high royal official. Other Indian writers have mentioned just a few lines about him in reference to his shrine. If he was a high government official and incharge and trustee of the royal treasury, he must have contacts with all the members of royal family, other officials and servants. In the reign of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb dozens of historians were appointed to write each and every moment of the history but no one has ever mentioned his name as an important royal official which seems absurd.
    2. When Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo went to the mosque of Dehli immediately after meeting Syed Abdul Rehman, everyone in the mosque was affected by his attention except Aurangzeb, Qazi and Kotwal, afterward Aurangzeb requested for the blessings to Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo, so he wrote Risala Aurang Shahi for him. It is not possible that during this meeting, Aurangzeb had not asked him about his purpose of coming to Dehli, and he would not have told him that he had come to meet Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi. Had Syed Abdul Rehman been a government official, Aurengzeb would have recognized him immediately and must have added him to his special advisors.
    3. Putting veil on face had never been a tradition of Sarwari Qadri Mashaikh. This act makes a person more famous and known among people, while Sarwari Qadri guides (murshid) never like fame and prefer to remain unknown. They also prefer to keep away from the rulers and like to remain among common people.
    4. His shrine is in old Dehli at a long distance from Lahori Darwaza, adjacent to the Shrine is Shah Abdul Rehman mosque. This also shows that he didn’t live inside the fort, rather he always lived among common people and blessed them with his benevolence.

All the above arguments prove that the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani has not researched before writing the above statement about Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani, neither he travelled to Dehli to confirm it. He only wrote what he listened from someone in the family without confirmation.

In 1934 Syed Tajamal Shah Naqvi Achvi’s book “Bagh-e-Saadat” was published, its second edition was published in 1947. Now this book is rare, although it is confirmed that its first edition was published in 1934 as its reference is present in Sharif-ul-Tawareekh, which was also published in 1934 after it. On page 61 of “Bagh-e-Saadat” the family lineage of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani is given as:

  • Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu
  • Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh
  • Abu Saleh Nasar
  • Syed Yaseen
  • Syed Ahmad Shah
  • Syed Abdul Qadir
  • Syed Abdul Latif
  • Syed Abdul Rehman, commonly known by the name of Bholoo Shah buried in Dehli, guide (murshid) of Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh.

This lineage continues as:

  • Pir Habib Shah
  • Pir Rajab Shah
  • Abdullah
  • Mohammad Shah
  • Pir Allah Baksh
  • Pir Karam Shah
  • Hazoor Shah
  • Noor Shah
  • Zaman Shah (Shrine is in Village Tung, Isa Khel Mianwali, Pakistan)

The main objection on this lineage record is that Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani has never been known by the name of Bholoo Shah. In fact, Bholoo Shah was another Qadri Saint in 1200 Hijri. His shrine is at a distance of two or three kilometers from the shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman. We can find a few details about him in the old and new Indian history books. All the writers have written his name Bholoo Shah except Ghulam Yahyaa Anjum, who has written his name “Shah Behlan urf Bhollo Shah” in “Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria” volume 3.

Bholoo Shah was a Majzoob Qadri saint (one lost in Divine meditation) who migrated to Dehli from Punjab. He was the disciple and khalifah of Abdul Hamid in Qadri order. In the book “Waqiat Dar-ul-Hakomat Dehli” (vol:2) it is written about him that: “the shrine of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh (1201 Hijri) which was in Kabli Darwaza, has been removed, but its remains are there and everyone knows its place. He was a saint of Qadri order who died in 1201 Hijri. The shrine of his disciple Shah Mohammad Hafeez is near his shrine and his son Shah Ghulam Mohammad is also buried nearby. The Urs of Bholoo Shah is held on 19th of Muharram. (page 473)

The book “Mazaraat-e-Auliya-e-Dehli” compiled by Mohammad Alam Shah Fareedi, published in 1927 A.D is the first book on the shrines of Dehli. Its second edition was published in 1930, the writer and publisher migrated to Pakistan in 1947. This book was republished in 2006 from Dehli with corrections and new information added by Doctor Hafeez-ur-Rehman Siddiquee. In this book, it is written: “Bholoo Shah (1789), Shrine in old Dehli near Kabli Darwaza- He belonged to Punjab and was Khalifah of Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Qadri order. He also had the privilege of having the company of Maulana Fakhar-ud-Din Chishti and Shah Nano. Bholoo Shah was a majzoob saint, he died on 20th Moharram, 1204 Hijri (1789 A.D) in the reign of Shah Alam II. His shrine is outside Kabli Darwaza. (published in Dehli, India-page 157-158).

In “Rehnuma-e-Mazaraat-e-Dehli” (guide (murshid) of shrines of Dehli) it is written about him that:

  • He (Hazrat Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh) was a disciple and Khalifah of Hazrat Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Qadri Razzaqi order and had also enjoyed the company of Hazrat Shah Nano and Hazrat Shah Fakhr-ud-Din. He died on 20th Moharram 1204 Hijri. His shrine is near the railway line, under the left side of the Mithai Bridge (Lahori gate 4 old Dehli 6), a mosque is built nearby. Hazrat Shah Hafeez-ur-Rehman was the special disciple of Shah Bholoo, who died on 30th Ziqa’ad 1236 Hijri in the reign of Akbar Shah II and was buried near his murshid. Hazrat Shah Ghulam Mohammad was Shah Hafeez-ur-Rehman’s son and khalifah, his grave is at the feet of his father’s grave who was also his guide (murshid)”. (published in Dehli India-page 284-286)

Ghulam Yahya Anjum writes in “Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria” (vol:3):

  • “Hazrat Shah Behlan commonly known by the name of Bholoo shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh belonged to Qadria Razzaqia order. He was disciple and khalifah of Shah Abdul Hameed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh and also benefited from Maulana Fakhar-ud-Din Chishti. He was a Majzoob devotee, died on 19th Moharram 1204 Hijri (1789 A.D) and was buried in ‘Takya Bholoo shah’ which is adjacent to Kabli Darwaza in Dehli. His devotees celebrate basant in the spring season at his shrine with great enthusiasm”. (published in Dehli India-page 291)

All the above statements prove that the lineage record of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh given by the writer of “Bagh-e-Sadaat” by the name of Bholoo Shah is definitely not of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani but of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh who migrated to Dehli from Punjab and got beneficence from Shah Abdul Hameed of Qadria order. His family remained back in Punjab, that is why, his Khalifah Shah Mohammad Hafeez became his successor and supervisor of his shrine and after Shah Mohammad Hafeez, his son succeeded him. Their shrines are also near the shrine of Bholoo Shah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. While the shrine of Syed Abdul Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is situated about 2 kilometers away from his shrine at Lahori gate Sadar Bazar Railway station Railway Colony Muslim Waqf Board Quarters old Dehli 6.