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Birth of Sultan ul Arifeen

Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was born in Shorekot, Jhang in the reign of Shah Jahan on Thursday, Ist Jamadi-us-Sani 1039 Hijri (17th Jan 1630) at the time of Fajar prayer. According to “Manaqib-e-Sultani” when Bibi Raasti Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha reached Shorekot from Anga, she was about to give birth to Sultan-ul-Arifeen and she was informed through spiritual revelation that this child would be the Sultan of Arifeens (knowers of Allah) and will be born in the valley of Chenab. She named this sacred child “Bahoo” according to the Divine order, as his status and name was already revealed to her. Sultan-ul-Arifeen says:


 نام باھوؒ  مادر باھو ؒ  نہاد

 زانکہ باھوؒ   دائمی   با   ھو  نہاد


Meaning: Bahoo’s mother named him Bahoo because Bahoo has always remained with (Hoo).

Before him, no one in history has ever been named Bahoo. Sultan-ul-Arifeen is the exact manifestation of Ism-e-Hoo. In his books, he frequently calls himself Faqeer Bahoo Fana Fi-Hoo and describes his status of Fana (annihilation) and Baqa (immortality) with Hoo. At one place he wirtes:


اگر بائے بشریت حائل نبودے باھوؒ عین یا ھُو است


Meaning: If ‘Ba’ of bashriat (humanism) doesn’t intervene, Bahoo is in fact Hoo exactly.

Sultan Hamid writes the complete name of Sultan-ul-Arifeen as “Sultan Bahoo”. Some writers also write his name “Mohammad Bahoo” or “Sultan Mohammad Bahoo”. But he himself writes his name only “Bahoo” in all his books. In Mehek-ul-Faqr Kalan he writes:

  • Bahoo’s mother named him Bahoo because he always remains with Hoo.
  • Thousands of praises for mother of Bahoo. Bahoo, who is the son of Bibi Raasti, finds pleasure only in Zikr of “Ya Hoo”.

As far as, ‘Sultan’ being part of his name is concerned, Shaikh-e-Akbar Allam Ibn-e-Arabi writes about Insan-e-Kamil (The Universal Divine Man) that:

  • Insan-e-Kamil is the Qutb and ‘Sultan’ of his time. (exegesis of Fasoos-ul-Hakam)

And Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was Insan-e-Kamil of his time.
Sultan-ul-Faqr sixth Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says:

  • “The Zikr (invocation) of Hoo is the Sultan-ul-Azkar (crown invocation) and one who annihilates in Hoo is the ‘Sultan’.”

Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo is the Sultan of all Sultans (Arifeens and saints) i.e Sultan-ul-Arifeen and is stationed at the highest status of Sultan-ul-Faqr, that is why, ‘Sultan’ became a part of his name and afterwards, writers and research scholars added ‘Mohammad’ to his name due to respect. Common people also call him ‘Haq Bahoo’. In Risala Roohi Shareef Sultan-ul-Arifeen Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh writes


اَلۡمُلَقَّبُ مِنَ الۡحَقِّ بِا لۡحَقۡ


Meaning: The Haq (Divine Reality, Allah) has given him (Sultan Bahoo) the title of ‘Haq’ as he is always with Haq.
That means, he was given the title of “Haq” by Allah, that is why, he became famous among people by the name of ‘Haq Bahoo’.

Beneficence From Childhood

The Divine Light was luminous on the sacred face of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh sincebirth. This Light started showing its miracles since childhood. His mother remained busy in prayers and Zikr (invocation) and Tasawur (contemplation) of Ism-e-Allah Zaat (Personal Name of Allah) as she was sure that her child would not disturb her during her prayers. Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh did not take milk during the days of Ramadan like Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu. His personality was so attractive and effective since childhood that upon whom so ever, he cast his eyes, changed his fate and he recited the creed without any persuasion and entered Islam there and then. It was a strange situation, which worried the non-Muslims of that area very much. After discussion, they requested the father of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo to make announcement, whenever his child had to come out of his house, so that, they could keep themselves away from the sight of this child to save their faith. Then a strange scene was seen in Shorekot that whenever it was announced that Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo is about to come out of his house all the non-Muslims hid in their houses, shops or fields, but if by chance anyone of them came in his sight, he at once recited creed and became Muslim. This miracle of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo continued till the end of his life.

Once, he got very ill, a Brahman physician was called for check up but he refused to come and said, “I am afraid that if I will go in front of him I will become Muslim. Send his urine in a bottle for diagnosis of the disease.” When his urine was sent to the physician, he accepted Islam as soon as he saw it. It must be clarified here that the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani has written that urine was sent for diagnosis but according to the traditions passed on through generations, it is said that his ‘shirt’ was sent. Sultan-ul-Faqr sixth Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Asghar Ali Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh also supports that ‘shirt’ was sent.

Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh remained engrossed in heavenly experiences and doubtless spiritual triumphs from an early age. Once, he was lying at some place, a group of Hindu ascetics passed by, one of them hit him by his foot and asked him despisely to show them the way. He got up and recited the creed . This group of ascetics accepted Islam there and then by just his one glance and the stroke of creed recited by his sacred tongue. All of them afterwards became saints.

Education of Sultan ul Arifeen

Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh did not get any bookish knowledge or conventional education. In his book Ain-ul-Faqr he says:

  • I didn’t get worldly education like Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam, but I have got so much spiritual and Divine knowledge due to the heavenly experiences that a lot of books are required to express it.

He says:

گرچہ  نیست مارا علمِ ظاہر

زعلمِ باطنی جاں گشتہ طاہر

Meaning: Although, I have not got worldly education but spiritual knowledge has sanctified me so much that all the knowledge is absorbed in my body and mind.

He also says “I could not find time to get education due to excess of revelations and effects of Light of Divine self and neither had I ever done excessive prayers or mystic exercises”. Inspite of such extreme engrossment in Divinity he always followed the Shariat and Sunnah of Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa’alihi Wasallam and never missed any obligation or even a mustahib (desirable prayers other than obligatory prayers).

He says:

ہر مراتب از شریعت یافتم

پیشوائے خود شریعت ساختم

Meaning: I got every spiritual status through Shariat. I have made Shariat my guide.