Genealogical Tree of

Sultan-ul-Arifeen

Sultan Hamid Ali writes the genealogical tree of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in his book “Manaqib-e-Sultani” as:

  • Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo son of Hazrat Bazayed Mohammad son of Shaikh Sultan Fateh Mohammad son of Shaikh Allah Ditta son of Shaikh Mohammad Tameem son of Shaikh Mohammad Mannan son of Shaikh Mohammad Moghla son of Shaikh Mohammad Paida son of Shaikh Mohammad Saghara son of Shaikh Mohammad Anun son of Shaikh Mohammad Sala son of Shaikh Mohammad Bahari son of Shaikh Jaimoon son of Shaikh Mohammadd Hargan son of Shaikh Anwar Shah son of Shaikh Mohammad Amir Shah son of Shaikh Qutb Shah son of Hazrat Aman Shah son of Hazrat Sultan Hussain Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Feroz Shah son of Hazrat Mehmood Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Fartak Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Nawab Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Darab Shah son of Hazrat Adham Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Abeek Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Sikandar Shah son of Hazrat Shaikh Ahmad Shah son of Hazrat Hajar Shah son of Hazrat Ameer Zubair son of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhul Kareem bin Abu Talib. (Manaqib-e-Sultani)

The genealogy of Awans is correct and agreed upon by everyone upto Mir Qutb Shah (or Mir Qutb Haider) but before that, there is some doubt. Another genealogical record given by Malik Sher Mohammad, a member of Kala Bagh family, in his book “Tareekh-ul-Awan” is different from that mentioned in ‘Manaqib-e-Sultani’. According to Sultan Hamid the lineage of Awans reach Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu through his son Ameer Zubair Razi Allah Anhu while Malik Sher Mohammad says that it reaches Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu through his son Mohammad Bin Hanfia Razi Allah Anhu. The lineage given by Malik Sher Mohammad in ‘Tareekh-ul-Awan’ is as under:

  • “Mir Qutb Shah son of Shah Ataa Allah Ghazi son of Shah Tahir son of Shah Tayyab Ghazi son of Shah Mohammad Ghazi son of Shah Umar Ghazi Son of Shah Malik Asif Ghazi son of Shah Batal Ghazi son of Abdul Mannan Ghazi son of Mohammad Bin Hanfia son of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu son of Abu Talib”.

Sultan Hamid, while writing the lineage of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh in Manaqib-e-Sultani, says that the lineage traces back to Hazrat Ali in 28 steps through his son Ameer Zubair but none of reliable books of history (e.g. Mu’arif Ibn-e-Qateeba, Tareekh-e-Tibri) mentions any son of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu by the name of ‘Ameer Zubair’ and neither any of his grand son by the name of ‘Hajar Shah’ is known. Some people solved the confusion by concluding that Abu Zubair must be the Kuniat (patronymine) of Hazrat Mohammad Bin Hanfia that is why, some people have written only Zubair instead of his full name.

Mohammad Sarwar Khan Awan disagrees with both of the above mentioned lineages. In his book ‘Waadi Saun Sakesar (Tareekh, Tehzeeb, Saqafat)’, he writes:

  • “It is historically proved that Awans are descendants of Hazrat Ali karam Allah Wajhu and their lineage reaches him through his son Hazrat Abbas Alamdar Razi Allah Anhu. Some historians and writers have ignored all the historical witnesses and tried to prove Awans the descendants of Hazrat Mohammad Bin Hanfia just on the basis of assumptions, which has made the history of Awans doubtful. Some references are given below which will prove that Awans are progeny of Hazrat Abbas Razi Allah Anhu and that their forefather was Qutb Shah Baghdadi instead of Malik Qutb Haider
  • According to the historians, only five sons of Hazrat Ali had families, the rest either didn’t have children, were dead before marriage, or martyred in some battle. It is clearly written on page 377, chapter “Matum”, of the book “Roza-tu-Shohada” (published by Noval Kishwar) “only five sons of Amir (Hazrat Ali) were left, Hassan, Hussain, Mohammad Akbar (generally known as Mohammad bin Hanfia), Abbas Shaheed and Umar Ataraf Razi Allah Anhum”.
  • In the book “Sanaqib-ul-Mehboobeen” (published in Persian by Mohammadi), it is written on page 11, chapter about Hazrat Ali that: “the family of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu continued from his five sons only, who were Imam Hassan and Hussain, Mohammad bin Hanfia, Mohammad Abu-al-Fazal Abbas and Umar Ataraf Razi Allah Anhum”.
  • According to the books “Nasab-ul-Aqwam” (published in Arabi in Iran), “Zikr-ul-Abbas” and “Mirat-ul-Asrar”, the family of Hazrat Ali continued from his five sons Imam Hassan and Hussain, Abbas Alamdar, Mohammad bin Hanfia and Umar Ataraf.

All the above given references prove that Hazrat Ali’s lineage continued from these five sons only. According to “Kitab-ul-Takhfeed”, children of all his sons are called Alvis, although in Hind the progeny of Husnain Kareemain Razi Allah Anhum are called Syeds and those of other sons are called Alvis.

According to the books “Meezan Hashmi”, “Meezan Qutbi” and “Khulasa-tul-Ansaab” also, Qutb Shah, the ancestor of Awans, was descendant of Hazrat Abbas bin Ali Razi Allah Anhu. The actual statement of this book is:

ومن العلویین الاعوان و شجرتھم  ھذا’’عون بن علی بن حمزہ بن طیار بن قاسم بن علی بن جعفر بن حمزہ بن حسن بن عبداللّٰہ بن عباس بن علی بن ابی طالب ہاشم القریشی‘‘ و عون بن علی المشہور علی بن قاسم و عبدالعلی و عبدالرحمن و ابراہیم و قطب شاہ کال من البغداد مافرالی الھند و قام فصاد اولادہ اکثر ھم المشہورون بالعلویین و لبقیتم بالاعوان۔   

 

Meaning:  

“Awans are from Alvis and there lineage is “Awn bin Ali bin Hamza bin Tayyar bin Qasim bin Ali bin Jafer bin Hamza bin Hassan Bin Abdullah bin Abbas bin Ali Karam Allah Wajhu bin Abu Talib Hashmi Qureshi”. Awn Bin Ali, who was also known by the name of ‘Qutb shah’ and Ali bin Qasim Abdul Ali Abdul-Rehman Ibrahim’ belonged to Baghdad. He and his family came from Baghdad to India and stayed here for some time. Some of his children got known by the title of ‘Alvi’ and some by ‘Awan’.”

Mohammad Sarwar Khan Awan gives reference of the Persian book “Meezan Hashmi” while writing the life history of Qutb Shah in his book “Wadi Saun Sakesar (tareekh, Tehzeeb, Saqafat)”. The same statement is given below in English:

  • “His real name was ‘Awn’ and belonged to the progeny of Hazrat Abbas bin Ali Razi Allah Anhu. His wife Ayesha was the real sister of Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu’s mother Hazrat Fatima Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha. At first, Hazrat Awn belonged to Imamia sect. After the birth of his son Gohar Ali, some doubts occurred in his mind about this sect. He had long discussions with scholars of different sects but was not satisfied, rather their answers confused him more. Then in 471 Hijri Ghaus-ul-Azam Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu was born to his wife’s sister Hazrat Fatima Rehmat-ul-Allah Alahya. One day, Awn went to her home with his wife, when he saw the beautiful face of Ghaus-ul-Azam, the Imamia faith was erased from his heart at once. He joined the sect of Ahl-e-Sunnat and offered prayer by their way on the same day and remained on this faith till Ghaus-ul-Azam’s grand status became known to the whole world and Muslims from all around started having allegiance on his hands. Hazrat Awn also took oath of allegiance at his sacred hands but kept it secret from his companions unless he reached at the status of Qutb-e-Maddar. He shared this secret with his elder son Goher shah, who also took oath of allegiance at Ghaus-ul-Azam’s hands. After a few days, they declared it openly that they have joined the Ahl-e-Sunnat sect leaving the Shiah sect and have become the disciple of Ghaus-ul-Azam. Hazrat Awn then took his whole family to Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu and all of them took oath of allegiance at his hands. Ghaus-ul-Azam ordered some of them to stay in Baghdad and some of them to travel to India. Obeying the orders, Hazrat Awn set for India with his sons Abdullah and Mohammad. Hazrat Awn promoted the Qadri order in India, while his stay here and was entitled as ‘Qutb Shah’ because of his status of Qutb-e-Maddar. Disciples of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam Razi Allah Anhu already called him ‘Qutb’, the Indians added Shah to his name.

Then Qutb Shah returned to Baghdad on the orders of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam. Here, he fell ill with diarrhea. Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam came to see him. He died on Friday 3rd Ramadan 552 Hijri. Ghaus-ul-Azam said his funeral prayer. He was buried in the Quraish Tomb. His son Gohar Ali had four children. Gohar Ali, commonly known as ‘Golarah’, settled in sub continent with his family according to the orders of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam. His progeny is still in Sub continent. The large number of devotees of Ghaus-ul-Azam in the Subcontinent is due to the services of Hazrat Awn and his children to promote the Qadri order here. Hazrat Awn also stayed in Harrat for some time before the progeny of Hazrat Ghaus-ul-Azam came here.

According to the books ‘Meezan Qutbi’, ‘Meezan Shahi’ and ‘Khulasa-tul-Nisaab’ Qutb Shah belonged to the progeny of Hazrat Abbas Alamdar Razi Allah Anhu. He was born in Baghdad, travelled to India and Harrat, then returned to Baghdad, died and got buried there. His children still live in India. On the contrary some Awan writers have tried to prove without any evidence that Awans were children of Hazrat Mohammad bin Hanfia and were entitled ‘Awans’ by Sultan Mehmood Ghaznavi on their services in his army. These are mere suppositions as they have not given any evidence from authentic books of history to prove their statement. Their point of view is based on the exaggerated stories of story tellers. (“Waadi Saun Sakesar-(Tareekh, Tehzeeb, Saqafat)” by Malik Sarwar Awan published by National Institute of Lok Virsa Islamabad and Al-Faisal publishers, Urdu Bazar Lahore).

Doctor Abdul Majeed Sindhi writes in his book “Pakistan main Soofiana Tehreekain” that Syed Qutb Shah Baghdadi was a Khalifah of Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani Razi Allah Anhu and he got the robe of Khilafat directly from him. Then he gives the details as:

  • Hazrat Syed Awn Qutb Shah Alvi Baghdadi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is also known by many other names such as Ali, Awn, Abdul Rehman, Abdul Ali, Ibrahim, and Qutb Shah. His lineage reaches Hazrat Ali as follows:

Syed Awn bin Qasim bin Hamza Sani bin Tayyar bin Qasim bin Ali bin Hamza Al Akbar bin Hassan bin Abdullah Madni bin Abbas Alamdar bin Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu. Hazrat Qutb Shah was born in 419 Hijri (1028 A.D) and died on 3rd Ramadan 552 Hijri (1161 A.D). He is buried in the tomb of Quraish. His progeny lives in Sub continent, Arab and Iran in large number. Awans of Pakistan claim to be his progeny. (Page 78)

Despite of all these controversies and differences in the lineage of Awans, the facts which are authentic and accepted by all are that all their genealogical trees reach Qutb Shah who is doubtlessly considered as forefather by all the Awans, where ever they are. And it is also unanimously accepted that Awans are children of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu from wives other than Hazrat Fatima Razi Allah Anha.

As far as Sultan-ul-Arifeen Sultan-ul-Faqr Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh is concerned, he does not believe in racial discrimination. He has never boasted the superiority of Awans being the progeny of Hazrat Ali Karam Allah Wajhu in his books, rather he says:

  • Faqeeri does not depend on being Syed or Quraish, it is attained by mystic and Divine Knowledge. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
  • Faqr is not ancestral property so no one can inherit it. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
  • If you want to be Syed and Sardar (the ruler) then you must follow the footsteps of your great ancestors (sufies saints).
  • The status of gnosis (divine knowledge) is attained only by the grace and favour of Allah. He bestows this favour on anyone He wants. It is neither related with family and nobility, nor with titles but with eagerness of heart (for Allah). It is related with courage and sincerity not with being Syed or Quraishi. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)