Ancestors of Sultan ul Arifeen

Ancestors of Sultan ul Arifeen

Ancestors of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh lived in Anga, a village in Valley of Saun Sakesar (Tehsil Naushehra, District Khoshab, Punjab Pakistan). Their shrines and remains of their houses can still be found in Anga and its vicinity. The shrine of Sultan ul Arifeen’s grand father Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Fateh Mohammad is in the graveyard of Anga. The shrine of Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s grand mother is also nearby. Across the road, there is an old graveyard where the grave of his maternal grand father is present.

Parents of Sultan-ul-Arifeen

Parents of Sultan-ul-Arifeen

Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo’s father’s name was Sultan Bazayed Mohammad Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. Sultan-ul-Arifeen usually gives his introduction in the beginning of his books as

تصنیف فقیر باھوؒ ولد بازید محمد عرف اعوان  

meaning: “Book by Faqeer Bahoo, son of Bazayed Mohammad commonly known by the name of Awan.”

Hazrat Bazayed Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was a soldier by profession and held a special position in the army of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. He was a pious and virtuous Hafiz-e-Quran. He spent his early life in Jahad.

In the later age, Hazrat Bazayed left the royal court silently and married one of his relative woman Bibi Raasti Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha. She was an Arifa Kamila (perfect knower of Allah) and was known for her piety in the family. She usually remained busy in prayers and Zikr. The remains of the place, where she used to remain absorbed in the Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat, can still be found near a spring in the valley and is famous in Anga.

Sultan-ul-Arifeen shows great devotion and love towards his mother in his books. He says “thousands of blessings of Allah upon Bibi Raasti for naming me Bahoo”.

راستیؒ از راستی آراستی

رحمت و غفران بود بر راستیؒ

Meaning: Raasti was adorned with the virtues of truth and veracity. May Allah bless her with salvation.

Bibi Raasti was stationed at the highest level of Faqr i.e Fana Fi Hoo (annihilated in Hoo). She was informed of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo’s grandeur and spiritual status before his birth and his name “Bahoo” (one with Hoo) was revealed to her, so she named him Bahoo in obedience to Allah’s orders.

Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh got his early spiritual education from his mother. In Mehek-ul-Faqr Kalan, he says: “My mother’s eyes bled while Zikr. I also experienced this state. It is called Divine presence”.

Hazrat Bazayed was impressed by Bibi Raasti’s spirituality and piety. He was also of the age when a person gets serious about his life and estimates what use has he made of his life. Eternal Divine benevolence also attracted him, so he left the activities of material world and decided to spend the remaining life in remembrance of Allah only. So, he left his home and went to Multan. Here he was caught by the state servants who were already in his search as he had run away from the army and his description was publicized everywhere by the state. He was presented before the ruler of Multan who was very impressed by his appearance, dress and his mare. He released him and fixed a daily stipend of Rs. two for him. He stayed in a small house in Multan and spent rest of his life in prayers and remembrance of Allah and thus reached the highest levels of closeness to Allah. As Ghaus-ul-Azam Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani says: “So the person whom Allah’s Divine favour attracts towards Him directly without any medium, doesn’t need hard mystic exercises and he reaches Allah in no time. Wisdom or intelligence is like a lame horse in this way. Allah is the possessor of greatest favours and benevolence, and bestows this favour upon whom so ever He desires. (Manaqib-e-Sultani)

While Hazrat Bazayed’s stay in Multan, war broke between Raja Marwat and the ruler of Multan. Hazrat Bazayed was not asked to fight, but he himself approached the ruler of Multan, equipped with arms riding his mare, and offered his services. The ruler asked “which battalion or group of army would you like to join?” he replied “Since, I have been taking the pay alone, so I will do alone, whatever I can”. Everyone present in the court smiled on his offer, but the ruler allowed him to do, what he wanted. He requested the ruler to show him the picture of Raja Marwat and someone’s company to show him the way. The ruler granted both his requests. He set on the way with an escort but when they reached the fort of Marwat, he asked him to go away. Hazrat Bazayed crossed the wall of fort in just one jump of his mare and rode directly to the court of Raja Marwat, cut his head and put the head in a bag, in the presence of all the courtiers. All this happened so quickly that everyone in the court was struck with consternation and no one had the courage to stop him. When Hazrat Bazayed returned to Multan with the head of Raja Marwat, everyone was surprised to see this miracle. This heroic deed of him was soon known to everyone. When his fame reached Dehli, Shahjahan ordered him to return back and join the army again but he refused and requested to let him spend the rest of his life in remembrance of Allah. Not only his request was granted but was also awarded with a 25 thousand acre land in Shorekot as a reward for his previous services. He left Anga and shifted to Shorekot with his wife Hazrat Raasti Bibi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha.

The year of death of Hazrat Bazayed and Bibi Raasti is not mentioned in any book of history. Although, it is written in Manaqib-e-Sultani that Hazrat Bazayed died in the childhood of Sultan-ul-Arifeen, but Bibi Raasti was alive till Sultan-ul-Arifeen reached the age of 40 years.

The shrines of Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s parents are in Shorekot and also famous by the name of “Mizar Mubarak Mayee Baap Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo”. There is no doubt that these shrines are of the parents of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo, but due to a mistake in ‘Manaqib-e-Sultani’ a confusion has been arisen about the shrine of Bibi Raasti Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha. According to the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani her shrine is in Multan. Sultan Hamid writes in Manaqib-e-Sultani:

  • “The shrine of the father of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo is in Shorekot, which is the birthtown of Sultan Bahoo. His grave and Khanqah is near the grave of Shaikh Talha Qureshi in the courtyard of the mosque of Quraishis which is in the south western side of the said town. But there is a difference of opinion about the shrine of his mother, some say that her shrine is also in the mosque and some say that it is in the graveyard of great Syeds of Bibipur near Lutafabad in the vicinity of Multan in the village of Ranwa Kalan, which was granted by the state of Dehli to Hazrat Sultan Bahoo’s father, who afterwards lived in Bibipur with his wife, in the neighborhood of great and pious Syeds and then died here and were buried here near the shrines of Syeds.” (Manaqib-e-Sultani, Chp 1, section 2)
  • The writer of ‘Auliya-e-Jhang’ Bilal Zubairi also agrees with Sultan Hamid. He writes “This pious lady (Bibi Raasti Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayha) died in 1068 Hijri, the last year of Shahjahan’s reign and was buried in the Bibian graveyard in Multan”.

When many objections were raised on this statement of Auliya-e-Jhang’s first, second and third edition, then Mr. Bilal Zubairi answered these objections in its fourth edition that “I have written in my book that her (Bibi Raasti’s) shrine is in Bibian Graveyard in Multan but some elders have said that it is wrong. It is humbly explained that there is no credential proof about the exact location of the shrine. It can be known only through Manaqib-e-Sultani. It is written in the said book under the details of Hazrat Bibi Raasti’s life. It can be checked to avoid any misunderstanding”. (Page 10-Edition 4)

Now we would try to resolve this misunderstanding through proper research, that why the writer of Manaqib-e-Sultani has written that Bibi Raasti’s shrine is in Multan. First, those logical arguments are given which every writer has written in his book, so as to prove that the shrines of Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s parents are exactly those shrines which are famous in Shorekot by the name of “Mazarat Mayee Baap” and not those in Multan.

  1. Sultan Hamid writes in Manaqib-e-Sultani that Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s father died in his childhood but his mother was still alive when he was 40 years of age, that means she was alive till 1078 Hijri, when Aurengzeb ruled India after Shahjahan. It is also proved that she was alive and still living in Shorekot when Sultan-ul-Arifeen went to Dehli to swear allegiance upon the hands of Abdul-Rehman Jilani Dehlvi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh.
  2. No such statement or tradition can be found which proves that she had ever left Shorekot, once they shifted here, during the life of her husband or after his death
  3. Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s father had left a vast land after him. Since, Sultan-ul-Arifeen was never interested in it, Bibi Raasti had to look after it. She was so busy in looking after the land that she never had time to go out of Shorekot.
  4. When she died, Sultan-ul-Arifeen was (at least) 40 years old and was present in Shorekot. He must have buried his mother near his father’s grave in Shorekot. Why would he bury his mother in any other remote area?

All the above given arguments are enough to prove that the shrine of Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s mother is in Shorekot. But this is also true that there is another old shrine of terqoise glazed tiles in the graveyard of “Bibi Pak Daman” or “Pak Mayee” in the south of Railway station of Multan (earlier known as the Bibian graveyard) and this shrine is also famous as the shrine of Bibi Raasti.

Now the question arises that if the shrine of Sultan-ul-Arifeen’s mother is in Shorekot then who is this ‘Bibi Raasti’ who is buried in Multan. After complete research we have come to know that the Bibi Raasti who is buried here was the princess of Farghana, who came here with her father Sultan Jamal-ud-Din Mohammad Al-Farghani to meet the famous sufi saint of Soharwardi order Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zikriya Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. Sultan Jamal-ud-Din swore allegiance upon his hands.

Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zikriya married his son with Bibi Raasti and gave her the title of ‘Pak Daman’ and ‘Asmat ma’ab’. Bibi Raasti got known by the title of “Pak Mayee Bibi Pak Daman”. Hazrat Shaikh Rukun-ud-Din Abu-al-Fateh Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh was her son. She died in 695 Hijri and was buried in the Bibian graveyard.

Doctor Maiman Abdul Majeed Sindhi writes about this Bibi Raasti in his book “Pakistan main Sufiana Tehreekain” that:

  • “Hazrat Rukun-ud-Din Abu-al-Fatah was a great sufi saint and spiritual guide. He was the son of Hazrat Sadr-ud-Din Arif and the grand son of Hazrat Ghaus Baha-ud-Din Zikriya Multani. His mother’s name was Bibi Raasti who was at the grand status of “Rabia Basri of her time” due to her piety. She got spiritual education from her father-in-law Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zikriya. She had great devotion towards the Holy Quran and used to finish whole Quran in one day”. (page 389-section 5)

So the Bibi Raasti buried in the Bibian graveyard (Bibi Pak Daman or Pak Mayee graveyard) is the daughter-in-law of Hazrat Baha-ud-Din Zikriya, wife of Hazrat Sadr-ud-Din and mother of Hazrat Rukun-ud-Din Abu-al-Fatah Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayhim.

What reason may be behind the misunderstanding of Sultan Hamid? In fact, Sultan Hamid visited Multan while he was writing Manaqib-e-Sultani and also went to the shrine of Bibi Raasti, which he had mentioned in “Manaqib-e-Sultani”. May be, he got confused due to similar names. All the authentic biographers of Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh are sure that the shrines of his parents are those which are famous by the name of shrines of Mayee Baap in Shorekot.