Introduction of Abyat-e-Bahoo
Abyat-e-Bahoo is Punjabi poetry of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA. He wrote 140 books of which 32 are available. Of this collection, 31 are in Persian of which 30 are prose and 1 is based on poetry Diwan-e-Bahoo. In Punjabi, one of his Si Harfi (30 part poetry whereby each couplet starts with an alphabet) Diwan is found popularly known as ‘Abyat-e-Bahoo’. It is quite interesting to note that he summarized all his teachings present in his Persian books in Abyat. His ‘Abyat-e-Bahoo’ in Punjabi Saraiki language is the essence of his teachings.
After the extinction of Persian in the subcontinent, he gained popularity in the subcontinent especially in the international level through his Abyat-e-Bahoo. The marvel and specialty of Abyat-e-Bahoo is that it is read and listened in all the spiritual orders, shrines, religious gatherings, mosques and religious lectures of all spiritual orders. They are equally popular among the people belonging to the rural and urban areas of all provinces. Abyat is an Arabic word which is the plural of bayt which is usually taken to be a two-lined poetry and sometimes more than that. The Kalam (mystic poetry) of Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA is based upon 4 lines known as Abyat-e-Bahoo where one line is known as bayt.
Teachings of Abyat-e-Bahoo
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo RA laid the foundation of Islam through the teachings of Faqr. His teachings of Faqr enlighten people with the essence of Islam and the message of Prophet Mohammad Sall’Allahu Alayhi Wa-alihi Wasallam. Although Hazrat Sultan Bahoo RA did not acquire worldly education but he was immensely endowed with spiritual education. He dedicated his life in spreading the word of Allah to the best of his physical and spiritual abilities. During his lifetime, he was able to write 140 books which are pearls of wisdom and the crux of religion. All dimensions of spirituality and schools of thought either connect or originate to the teachings of Hazrat Sultan Bahoo RA. Hence, his teachings can also be taken as the doctrine of spirituality, Tasawuf and all names given to the inner way of reaching the Creator. His Abyat-e-Bahoo is the summary of his literary writings and possibly beyond them.
Key Topics of Abyat e Bahoo
Abyat-e-Bahoo core teachings revolved around the following topics:
Faqr, Talib-e-Maula, Irfan-e-Nafs, Ism-e-Allah Zaat, Sultan-ul-Azkar Hoo, Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Mohammad, Murshid-e-Kamil Akmal, Ishq-e-Haqeeqi, Majlis-e-Mohammadi, Deedar-e-Elahi, Faqeer-e-Kamil (Insan-e-Kamil), Tauheed (Wahdat-ul-Wajood), Mohabbat Ahl-e-Bait, Ghaus-ul-Azam Syedna Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani RA, Shariat-e-Mohammadi, Nafs, Turk-e-Duniya, Rayakari, Ikhlas-e-Niyat, Tasleem-o-Raza, Tawakkal, Hazoor-e-Qalb, Ajiz-o-Inkasari, Wafa-o-Qurbani, Taufeeq-e-Elahi, Kalma Tayyab, Fiqr or Tafakkar, Isteqamat, Ilm
Authentic Books on Abyat-e-Bahoo
The most authentic book in market on Abyat-e-Bahoo is khown as ” Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil ”.
Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil has been written in a unique manner because it is not just a compilation of a previous book or note but it involved the investigation of years old hand-written and published manuscripts. One review of Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil highlights the fact that it also involved the special spiritual guidance of Hazrat Sultan Bahoo RA himself.
Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil has been produced for the seekers of Allah. It contains those teachings of Faqr after studying which they can reach eternally elevated stations of Divine Union and Closeness for which Hazrat Sultan Bahoo RA stated these Divine Abyat. Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil in Punjabi and Saraiki is a treasured gift for all schools of thought, seekers, common people and lovers of Sufi poetry.
Hence, to date, Abyat-e-Bahoo Kamil by Sultan-ul-Ashqieen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Mohammad Najb-ur-Rehman madzillah-ul-aqdus is the most authentic work on the mystical poetry of Hazrat Sultan Bahoo RA.