The esoteric self (Batin) of a person enclosed in physical body is a living being. It demands attention just like the physical body. Just as proper food is necessary to provide energy to the physical body, this esoteric self (Batin) also needs nourishment which gives it peace, energy and strength. In the Holy Quran Allah says:
It means man's heart and soul find peace in Zikr (invocation) of the Personal Name of Allah because this is the source of its nourishment and strength. Soul of the person who avoids Zikr of Allah's Personal Name does not find spiritual sustenance, as Allah Says:
The word (earning) in this verse does not refer to the material wealth but to the subsistence of the soul, because Allah has given enough material wealth even to non Muslims, who never invoke Allah's name.
Man suffers loss in this world and the hereafter because of his negligence towards Zikr of Allah's Name; because without Zikr his soul will not get the strength to tear the veils of nafs (lower inner self) in order to obtain Allah's Deedar (Vision) and Marifat (Gnosis). In the Holy Quran Allah says:
Man has been granted the Zikr-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat (invocation of the Personal Name of Allah) because this is the most powerful name of Allah which possesses powers of all His attributive names. This name is so powerful that if it is placed on one side of a scale and the whole universe, heaven and the hell on the other, then the side heavier is that of the Personal Name of Allah (). Zikr-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat empowers soul with the enlightened insight prerequisite for the Deedar (Vision) of Allah. By the Zikr of soul gets so empowered that it can tear all the veils of material body and life itself to attain to the Visal (Union), the Deedar (Vision) and Marifat (Gnosis) of Allah before the physical death.
Since Zikr-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat is the basis to attain to Marifat of Allah, the reason of man's creation, that is why, the first order and revelation from Allah to Holy Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam was to invoke Allah's name:
Allah ordered the Holy Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam and his followers to invoke His Personal Name () before making all the physical prayers obligatory so that their souls obtain enlightened insight to attain Marifat of Allah which is the basis and essence of all the prayers. When this foundation of religion was strengthened, only then physical prayers were made an obligation.
Surah Muzamil, Surah Al-Ala, Surah Waqiah, Surah Al-Airaf, Surah Kahaf, Surah Ta'ha, were revealed in Makkah before obligatory prayers were ordered. In all of them Allah has ordered the Muslims to do Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat () and has also described the proper way of Zikr:
It means the breath which comes out with Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat is full of life for soul. Holy Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam said;
■ "The person who invokes Allah's name () is alive (spiritually) and who does not is dead". (Bukhari – Muslim)
Soul of the person, who invokes Ism-e-Allah Zaat is alive and dead for those who do not. Now a days, majority of the Muslims do not find it necessary to do Zikr of the Magnificent Name () and feel that mere physical prayers are more than enough to develop their relationship with Allah, and those who do, invoke it loudly, only with voice, not with heart and soul. Some people claim that they invoke Allah's name with heart but for them, heart means the cardiac muscle placed in the left side of the chest. They hold their breath and recite Allah's Name loudly and try to shake this cardiac muscle. When this physical heart starts reciting "", they think that their soul has become alive. This cardiac muscle is just an organ like the other organs of the body, meant to pump blood in the body. After the physical death, this heart will also decay, like the other body parts, in the grave. Soul is neither material nor related to this material world, rather, it is related to Allah and its strength lies in secret and continuous Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat as Allah says:
In this verse "lying on your sides" refers to 'sleeping' and while sleeping, only through breathing one can invoke.
People, who consider their physical heart as their soul and invoke Allah's Name connecting their heartbeat with breath and do this practice only in fixed timings and not continuously, can neither possess spiritual life nor can they reach near Allah and recognize Him.
★ Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says about such people:
► How ignorant are those, who have no knowledge about their souls and inner beings. They concentrate upon their muscular organ 'heart' while invocation and assume that this is the invocation of their soul. Sometimes, they connect their heart beat with their breath and name it 'sacrificial invocation' and sometimes, they imagine this physical heart as their soul during meditation and consider it "invocation of illuminous presence," and they name this "The Sultani Zikr of the soul". All these people are wrong. All these considerations are just satanic illusions. (Kaleed-ul-Tauheed Kalan)
► Your heart is just a physical organ beating in the left side of your chest (it is not the soul). This muscular heart is possessed even by non Muslims''. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
► I am really amazed by those ignorant and foolish people who loudly invoke "" day and night but do not recognize the Real Essence of Allah. Their hearts remains full of vicious desires, so, at last they are retracted.
To invoke by physical heart is the prayer of the physical body just like the other physical prayers and has no connection with spiritual life. It is the soul which reaches and recognizes Allah, not the physical body. The Zikr (invocation) by physical heart can provide no energy or power to the soul, as soul is superior to this material body, although, exaltation of soul can improve and rectify the physical deeds. So, as Zikr by physical heart neither brings a person close to Allah nor helps in Recognition of Allah, it is completely useless. The invocation of Allah's Personal Name () through Pass-Infass (inhale and exhale of breath) is the real and truly fruitful Zikr which empowers the soul.
■ Ism-e-Allah Zaat is the same as the Self of Allah. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
■ Whenever, Allah made some prayer obligatory, he also fixed the number of times it should be performed but there is no limit to the Zikr of Allah, i.e. he wants the Muslims to recite his Personal Name (), while they are sitting or standing, sleeping or awake, busy in work or free, ill or healthy, travelling or staying, secretly or openly, it is an obligation which should be performed with every breath. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
■ Listen! all the four holy books The Taurah, The Psalms, The Gospel and The Quran are just the explanation of Ism-e-Allah. What is Ism-e-Allah? Ism-e-Allah is The Divine Self which is doubtlessly beyond time and space and has no example or parallel, for whom it is said (Oh beloved! Say unto them that Allah is One). The person, whose heart is absorbed in (the Zikr of) Ism-e-Allah, becomes beloved of Allah. By the Zikr of Ism-e-Allah the Divine knowledge is gained about which Allah says Meaning: And Adam was taught the Divine knowledge of all the beautiful Names of Allah.
■ Allah says:
Keep in mind that the ascension of the Holy Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam to Qab Qausain (point of ultimate closeness, Divine Oneness) after passing through Arsh and Kursi (the empyrean and throne of Allah) and Lauh-o-Qalam (the Divine decree, the Tablet and the Supreme Pen) and then talking directly to Allah without any veil was only due to Ism-e-Allah because Ism-e-Allah is the key of both the worlds. The seven layers of earth and skies are stable without any pillar only because of Ism-e-Allah. Every Prophet got Prophethood and won over disbelievers only because of Ism-e-Allah. Their slogan was always "only Allah is enough for our help". The medium connecting Allah and man is Ism-e-Allah. All the saints and Auliya (friends of Allah) whether Ghaus or Qutb, passed the levels of Zikr, Fikr (meditation), Illham (revelation) Gharq-e-Tauheed (absorption in Oneness), Muraqbah (concentration), Kashaf (unveiling), Karamat (miracles) and Ilm-e-Lad'duni (Divine knowledge), only by the grace of Ism-e-Allah. Such Divine knowledge is acquired by Ism-e-Allah that one does not need to get any other knowledge.
► Listen! By the Zikr of Asma-e-Siffat (attributive names of Allah) one can be deceived and misled, but the Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat will never ever mislead the reciter. The grand Personal Name of Allah has four letters . When '' of (Allah) is removed, it becomes (Lillah), when first (Lam) of (Lillah) is removed, it becomes (Lahoo) and when second (Lam) is removed, it becomes (Hoo). All four of them are Ism-e-Allah Zaat and are Ism-e-Azam (The greatest name of Allah having all the powers of Allah). Allah says:
The Personal Name has been mentioned four thousand times in the Holy Quran, by the grace of which the whole Quran is Ism-e-Allah. Kamil Murshid is the one, who knows the way of Ism-e-Allah and Ism-e-Mohammad Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam and nothing except it, and the true seeker is the one, who desires nothing except Allah.
The Zikr of Ism-e-Allah-Zaat has four stages (Allah, Lillah, Lahoo, Hoo). The glorious name (Allah) has the great quality that if first ' ' of (Allah) is removed it becomes (Lillah) which means "for Allah", it is also Ism-e-Zaat. In the Holy Quran Allah says
If the first (Lam) of (Lillah) is removed, it becomes (Lahoo) which means" for Him". It is also Ism-e-Zaat as Allah says in the Quran:
■ Imam Razi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says:
(Hoo) is Ism-e-Azam.
■ Shaikh Akbar Mohyud-din Ibn-e-Arabi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says in Fatoohat-e-Makiyah (part II):
(Hoo) is the extreme and the most elevated Zikr of Arifeen.
■ Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says:
■ When, due to frequent Zikr, (Hoo) dominates and overpowers the being of the reciter of ' ', there remains nothing in him except (Hoo).
■ The Zikr of Hoo affects its reciter in such a way that he starts loving Hoo (Allah) extremely and is disgusted by everything except Allah. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
■ When, one invokes Ism-e-Hoo by heart, he likes nothing except Allah. People think he is ignorant or insane but infact, he has found Divine Presence in the Court of Allah Almighty. (Mehek-ul-Faqr Kalan)
In the past the Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat was given by Murshid Kamil in the above mentioned four stages i.e. (Allah, Lillah, Lahoo, Hoo). It took a lot of time and devotion to attain the final stage of Sultan-ul-Azkar which is the actual and very quick medium to reach closest to Allah and recognize Him, so weak disciples usually could not reach the extreme stage Sultan-ul-Azkar (Hoo). But now, by the grace of Allah, the Murshid Kamil of Sarwari Qadri order Sultan Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman Madzillah-ul-Aqdus is granting the Zikr of Sultan-ul-Azkar (Hoo) and golden Ism-e-Allah Zaat for Tasawur (contemplation) on the first day of allegiance, because of his unmatched spiritual powers and infinite beneficence.
In addition to Zikr (invocation) with breathing, Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah-Zaat (contemplation of the Personal Name of Allah) is also necessary for complete Recognition and Marifat (Gnosis) of Allah. Eyes and the power of sight are the best source of recognizing anything. Other senses cannot give complete knowledge about things, but we can identify anything with the help of our sense of sight, so Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat with sight and Zikr of Pass Infass (invocation by inhale and exhale of breathing) are the best and the most supreme source of having blessed by Deedar (Vision) of Allah and His Recognition. In the Holy Quran Allah has ordered to contemplate his name () as well in addition to its invocation:
The first part of this verse refers to Zikr (invocation) and the second part refers to Tasawur (contemplation). "Turn your attention to Him, breaking away from everyone else" means to get your mind and heart free from the thoughts of all the others and concentrate completely on the Name of Allah. Only this name should be in heart, mind, soul, breath and in vision also. This is what, Tasawur (contemplation) truly means. By carving the Personal Name of Allah () on our inner soul through contemplation and meditation, it leaves its impressions on our inner being and influences it with its great powers, hence, giving life to the soul. As a result, the internal eye of the soul gets the power of Baseerat (insight) enlightened by the Light of Allah. This powerful enlightened insight gives soul Deedar-e-Elahi (Vision of Allah) and helps in His Recognition.
Zikr and Tasawur are interrelated. They can never be separated. Our brain always keeps thinking about one thing or the other. This thinking is an example of Zikr (invocation) and whatever we are thinking its picture flashes before our eyes. If we are thinking of our family their faces come before our eyes and if it is our house then its picture comes in our mind; this is Tasawur (contemplation). This series of Zikr and Tasawur always continue. That is why, our attachment and love with worldly relations and things become stronger as we are always absorbed in their thoughts. This relation and attachment is the result of their continuous Zikr and Tasawur. The mystics and sufi saints divert this worldly Zikr (invocation) and Tasawur (contemplation) towards spirituality in order to build strong relation with Allah through Zikr and Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat. If we change the direction of Zikr and Tasawur from material to spiritual aspect, our relation and love for Allah will strengthen. Just as, a diamond cuts a diamond and water logged crop is replenished by water only, similarly, it is the Zikr that overcomes Zikr and it is the Tasawur that overcomes Tasawur. Only one needs to divert the direction. If we invoke and contemplate the Personal Name of Allah continuously, rather than the thoughts of transitory worldly relations and objects, our love for Him starts developing, our soul gets attracted towards Him, we get closer to Him with every breath and ultimately find His Deedar and Visal, and then appears the entrusted Divine Self from within us.
Sultan-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh explains the effects of the exercise of Tasawur Ism-e-Allah Zaat (contemplation of the Personal Name of Allah) on the inner being of a person, he says:
► By the Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat the soul is revived and revitalized just as a dry and barren land becomes alive by the rain. (Shams-ul-Arifeen)
► By the contemplation of the Personal Name of Allah a seeker of closeness of Allah resides in Lahut la Makan (The world of Divinity beyond time and space) and sees the Light of the Essence. Then, he becomes disgusted by the short lived and fruitless pleasures of both the worlds (as he has got the prefect pleasure of closeness to Allah). Then he always sees Allah everywhere, hears directly from His Magnificent Self and finds Allah's Self completely within himself. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
► Every lock has a key and the key to person's Batin (esoteric self) is Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat (the contemplation of the Personal Name of Allah). One, who wants to get access to the treasure of his righteous and virtuous soul can do this through the contemplation of the Personal Name of 'Allah'. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
► Which is the knowledge, through which a seeker can get rid of his nafs (baser self) without hard mystic exercises? That knowledge is Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat which blesses the seeker with Deedar-e-Elahi (Vision of Allah) and shows him the reality of his nafs. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
► The complete knowledge of the Quran and Hadith and all the knowledge that is saved in the Lauh-e-Mehfooz (Gaurded Tablet) and the Arsh and Kursi (Empyrean and throne of Allah), the hidden knowledge of the entire universe and all the hidden secrets of Allah, complete knowledge of the Taurah, Psalms, Gospel and Quran, all the orders of Allah as well as the outward and inward, spiritual and secret affairs of all the creations and the wisdom behind everything that is going on in all the worlds, is hidden in Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
► The true mystic path, which is free from any fault or retraction is the one through which a seeker could reach such a high spiritual status where he is blessed by the Vision of Allah whenever he wants, and finds presence in the Assembly of Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam and can meet all the prophets and friends of Allah, whenever he wishes. This Divine favour is found only by Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat (Contemplation of Personal Name of Allah).
► By Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat the Light of Vision is created in the heart. While the excess of prayers, meditations and recitals creates Rajoo'at-e-Khalq (inclination of public towards the devotee) which makes his nafs (baser self) more proud and haughty. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
► On the Doomsday, when the virtues and sins of people will be counted, sins of the person on whose heart Ism-e-Allah Zaat will be engraved or who has contemplated Ism-e-Allah Zaat only once with his true heart, will be put on one side of the Divine Balance and Ism-e-Allah Zaat on the other side. The side with Ism-e-Allah Zaat will definitely be heavier than the other side, even if his sins will be equal to the heavens and the earth. The angles will ask Allah surprisingly "which of his virtue has made the side of virtues heavier than the side of sins"? Allah will say: "this person was only my seeker and kept busy in the Zikr and Tasawur of My Personal Name. Oh angels! You are amongst the veiled ones, so you are unaware of the reality of this prayer. This person is my seeker so I am with him and he is with me. You cannot understand this secret". Seek Allah only, except Allah everything is lust. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
► If a person spends all his life in prayers, fasts, zakat, Hajj, recitations and all the other physical prayers or has even become a religious scholar but is stranger to Ism-e-Allah Zaat and Ism-e-Mohammad Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam, then all his life and prayers are ruined and wasted. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
► To learn one law of Islamic Fiqah (jurisprudence) is better than a sincere prayer of one year, while one breath taken in Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat is better than learning thousand Islamic laws. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
It is so because, by Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat, nafs-e-ammarah (the commanding inner self) is killed and the soul becomes alive and reaches closer to Allah which results in the Divine Presence of the heart in the court of Allah. All prayers of the person, whose heart has found Divine Presence, are accepted by Allah because he prays Allah perfectly, forgetting everything except Allah While the prayers of the person, whose heart is deprived of the Divine Presence, are just superficial because his heart and mind are not attentive towards Allah while prayers, rather they are filled with love of worldly relations and desires of material pleasures.
■ The Holy Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam says
Divine presence is gained only by Qalb-e-Saleem (pure and sanctified heart) and Qalb-e-Saleem is the one on which Ism-e-Allah Zaat is engraved.
■ On the Doomsday, only those will be successful in the court of Allah who have Qalb-e-Saleem, as is said in the Holy Quran:
Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says:
■ When a Fana Fillah Baqa Billah Faqeer (a mystic who has found immortality with Allah by being annihilated in His Self) is busy in Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat, the sky wishes that might Allah had made it earth so that this person sat on it and did Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat, and the earth thanks Allah that it is having the pleasure of Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat. When a reciter with alive heart contemplates Ism-e-Allah Zaat, all his bones and flesh, heart and mind, soul and body are busy in invoking . Allah answers his invocation by (I am here my beloved slave). The angles feel envy and say "we have spent all our lives in prayers and glorification of Allah but Allah has never said to us . We wish we were also human." O' man! Recognize yourself. You are special, so attain that special status (by Zikr and Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat). (Ain-ul-Faqr)
■ The Zikr of Ism-e-Allah Zaat continues in the body and soul of a Faqeer, so much so that this Zikr is continued in his bones, eyes, skin etc. thus, the whole body of the Qalbi Zakir (reciter of heart) turns into Ism-e-Allah Zaat and such Faqeer is an embodiment of powers of Allah. (Mohabbat-ul-Asrar)
■ Arif Billah (knower of Allah) crosses thousands and lacs of spiritual stages only in one breath by Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat. (Qurb-e-Deedar)
■ The one, who does Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat is beloved of Allah without any hard mystic exercise and lengthy prayer. He has grand status. He has enlightened conscience and is loved by everyone. Due to Tasawur and Tasaruf (power) of Ism-e-Allah Zaat a seeker becomes benevolent for all creatures. (Shams-ul-Arifeen)
■ The blackness and rust of sins and filth of misbelief is never removed from the heart without Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat. (Shams-ul-Arifeen)
■ Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat becomes the safest refuge for its possessor against the evil of satan and its disciples. (Shams-ul-Arifeen)
■ Heart is never purified and sanctified by physical prayers unless burnt in the fire of Tasawur-e-Ism-e-Allah Zaat. Without Zikr of neither the nafs dies nor does heart become alive. (Shams-ul-Arifeen)
■ The person who wants to keep his nafs obedient, have safety from the accidents of life and evil sins of satan and wishes to get rid of cunning suggestions, evil damages and satanic illusions, even if he wears silk and gold dresses and eats best food, then he must carve Ism-e-Allah Zaat by Tasawur on his heart. His heart will become independent of all worldly wishes and needs and he will undoubtedly find presence in the Assembly of Prophet Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam. (Kaleed-al-Tauheed)
In the Mushq Murqoom-e-Wajudia (practice of inscribing Ism-e-Allah Zaat on body) the Personal Name is written through meditation by the index finger on body while keeping the printed Ism-e-Allah Zaat in front of eyes. By this daily practice the soul of the seeker of Allah gets bathed in the shower of Noor of Allah and is thus sanctified and purified of all the inner filth. And then the seeker becomes capable of being presented before Allah. Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh describes the marvellous effects of this exercise in these words:
■ Approaching the final, ultimate and the highest stage of all the creation and finding Union with Allah is possible only by Mushq Murqoom-e-Wajudia. When a seeker writes name of Allah through meditation (in a special manner) on his body, from every letter of a tajali (Self Disclosure) descends upon the seeker which takes him to the status of Hazrat Ma'aroof Karkhi Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh. The seeker becomes Ghani (having all wealths and powers) and indifferent to all needs. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
■ Which is the way and knowledge through which a seeker safely reaches closest to Allah without facing any evil from satan, troubles created by nafs or any unfortunate accidents of life which may distract him from his path, and he is blessed with Visal (Divine Union) and Deedar (Vision of Allah) after being annihilated in Allah and immersed in the Divine Light, his Visal is eternal, he leaves verbal discussions about Allah and remains engrossed in the pleasure of Vision of The Beauty of Allah. That way and knowledge is of Mushq Marqoom-e-Wajudia through which Ism-e-Allah Zaat envelops the whole body and over comes the heart and soul of the seeker, just as, creeping plants envelop the tree, thus Ism-e-Allah is written on every cell of the body of the seeker. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
■ When a seeker does Mushq Murqoom-e-Wajudia through meditation, all his body is converted into Noor (Divine Light) and the seeker is freed from all his sins just as a child is free of sins when it is born. By the benevolence of the purity gained by Mushq Murqoom-e-Wajudia, the seeker enters the Assembly of Prophet Mohammad Sall'Allahu Alayhi Wa'alihi Wasallam as a Noori (luminant) child, here the Holy Prophet loves and blesses him and takes him to Ahl-e-Bait (family of the Prophet). Hazrat Fatima tuz-Zahra, Hazrat Ayesha and Hazrat Khadija Razi Allah Anhuma takes him as their spiritual infant son and feeds him with Noori milk. He becomes the spiritual child of the Ahl-e-Bait and is named as Hazoori son and entitled as Noori son. Esoterically he is always present in the Sacred Assembly of the Prophet as a Noori Hazoori child but physically he lives and interacts with the people of this world. This is the status of a Kamil Faqeer. (Noor-ul-Huda Kalan)
About the denier of Ism-e-Allah Zaat and Ism-e-Mohammad Hazrat Sakhi Sultan Bahoo Rehmat-ul-Allah Alayh says:
■ The person, who stops from the way of Zikr and Tasawur of Ism-e-Allah Zaat is either hypocrite and nonbeliever or jealous and arrogant. (Ain-ul-Faqr)
■ The denier of Ism-e-Allah Zaat and Ism-e-Mohammad is second Abu Jahal or Pharoah. (Qurb-e-Deedar)
■ One who does not believe in Ism-e-Allah Zaat and Ism-e-Mohammad is surely a hypocrite. (Mehek-ul-Faqr Kalan)